Journal of Cancer Survivorship

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 215–223

Enhancing physical well-being and overall quality of life among underserved Latina-American cervical cancer survivors: feasibility study

Article

Abstract

Introduction

Evidence for the effectiveness of behavioral interventions are lacking for cervical cancer survivors (CCS). Disparities in survivorship outcomes exist for CCS, especially Latina-Americans. This study assessed the feasibility of implementing a culturally sensitive intervention delivered in a telephonic format.

Methods

A convenience sample of 23 Latina-Americans diagnosed with stages 1–3 invasive cervical cancer who were 1–3 years post diagnosis and disease free participated. A random assignment, pre- and post-test design was used with 15 intervention and 8 control participants. Intervention group participants completed 6 sessions that included problem-focused, telephone counseling. The areas covered included family and partner concerns and communication; relaxation and stress management; psychological, medical and treatment concerns; and self-nurturing activities. Outcomes were measured by the FACT-G QOL scale.

Results

Increases in physical well-being and overall QOL were observed for the intervention group only (p < 0.05). The intervention group showed a non significant trend towards improvements in family/social, emotional and functional well-being from pre- to post-test.

Discussion

Results demonstrate the feasibility of implementing a culturally responsive, telephonic behavioral intervention. The intervention was associated with an improvement in physical and overall quality of life. A randomized controlled trial with a long term follow-up is warranted.

Implications for Cancer Survivors

An ethnically sensitive, behaviorally based telephone counseling approach with Latina Americans cervical cancer survivors can achieve short term improvements in physical well-being and overall QOL.

Keywords

Cervical cancer HRQOL Ethnic minority Behavioral intervention 

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Copyright information

© Government Employee: City of Hope 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Community Alliance for Research and Education (CCARE), Division of Population SciencesCity of Hope National Medical CenterDuarteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral SciencesUCLALos AngelesUSA

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