Signal, Image and Video Processing

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 439–445 | Cite as

Improved HEVC \(\lambda \)-domain rate control algorithm for HDR video

  • Junaid MirEmail author
  • Dumidu S. Talagala
  • Anil Fernando
  • Syed Sameed Husain
Original Paper


Widespread high dynamic range (HDR) video distribution via transmission and broadcast is imminent in the near future. However, the rate control (RC) algorithms in video coding standards, like high-efficiency video coding (HEVC), are optimized and designed for low dynamic range (LDR) content—making them inefficient in the rate-distortion (RD) sense, when applied to HDR video compression and distribution. In this paper, we propose a non-normative change to the HM16.2 HEVC \(\lambda \)-domain RC algorithm to achieve high-fidelity HDR video distribution. A new \(\lambda \)-QP relation is modeled for HDR content after assessing the suitable RD model. The results indicate that the proposed RC algorithm outperforms the default RC algorithm in HEVC, achieving on average performance gains of 1.40 dB, 0.685 units, and 0.0155 units in terms of PU-PSNR, HDR-VDP-2.2 Q factor, and HDR-VQM, respectively. Further, proposed method has bit estimation accuracy similar to the default HEVC RC algorithm. Also, the subjective evaluations corroborate the significance of the performance gained in the objective metrics.


HDR Rate control HEVC Rate-distortion R-\(\lambda \) model 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Engineering and Technology (UET) TaxilaTaxilaPakistan
  2. 2.Center for Vision Speech and Signal Processing (CVSSP)University of SurreyGuildfordUK

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