The IRAD and beyond: what have we unravelled so far?
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Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition associated with high morbidity and mortality rates and a long history of challenges to both diagnose and manage this condition successfully. The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) was established in 1996 as a global database to understand this old disease better and improve care for dissection. IRAD initially targeted various areas including etiological factors of dissection, modes of presentation, clinical features, physical findings, imaging, management, and outcomes, and is currently branching out in more specific fields such as endovascular intervention, genetic profiling, and functional imaging. Although presenting symptoms and physical findings have not changed significantly over two decades, the widespread use of computed tomography is standard and has improved the diagnostic pathway. Moreover, more patients are managed with appropriate procedures, such as surgery in type A, and endovascular therapy in subsets of type B aortic dissection. With these ongoing improvements in swift diagnostic work-up and therapeutic care, fewer patients are not getting appropriate treatment and more patients survive once they reach hospital.
KeywordsAortic dissection Imaging techniques Biomarker Cardiovascular surgery Endovascular management
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All the authors have declared no competing interest.
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