Production Engineering

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 665–673 | Cite as

A hybrid ELECTRE based prioritization of conjoint tools for lean and sustainable manufacturing

  • L. N. PattanaikEmail author
  • T. K. Baug
  • Ch. Koteswarapavan
Production Management


Lean manufacturing applies systematic strategies and tools to eliminate wastes and non-value-added activities in all the functions during manufacturing practice. Similarly, minimizing the consumption of material, energy and other natural resources while preserving the environment are the primary focus of sustainable philosophy. The synergy of these two strategies is the need of the hour in order to survive as a manufacturer as well as to achieve sustainability for the industry. The objective of this paper is to present a method of assessment and prioritization of conjoint tools to effectively implement lean and sustainable manufacturing simultaneously using a hybrid of two decision making tools. A multi-criteria decision making tool based on outranking approach, ELECTRE-II (ELimination and Choice Expressing/Translating REality) is implemented for the selection of lean tools in the order of their rankings for achieving sustainability in manufacturing. A case study of a manufacturing industry is presented to illustrate the approach.


Lean manufacturing Sustainability Lean tools Analytical hierarchy process Value stream mapping ELECTRE-II 



The authors wish to thank the two anonymous referees for their valued review and suggestions to improve the content and presentation of the paper.


  1. 1.
    Sergio A, Roberto A, Rosario D (2013) Model of efficient and sustainable improvements in a lean production system through processes of environmental innovation. J Clean Prod 47:141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chong MY, Chin JF, Loh WP (2013) Lean incipience spiral model for small and medium enterprises. Int J Ind Eng 20(7–8):487–501Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rother M, Shook J (1999) Learning to see: value stream mapping to add value and eliminate MUDA. Lean Enterprise Institute, MAGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Domingo R, Alvarez R, Peña MM, Calvo R (2007) Materials flow improvement in a lean assembly line: a case study. Assembly Autom 27(2):141–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Medlen JN, Merlo C, Robertson M, Shepherdson J (1999) The lean enterprise. BT Technol J 17(4):15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Horbal R, Kagan R, Koch T (2008) Implementing lean manufacturing in high-mix production environment. In: Koch T (ed) Lean business systems and beyond. IFIP – The international federation for information processing, vol 257. Springer, BostonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Slomp J, Bokhorst JAC, Germs R (2009) A lean production control system for high-variety/low-volume environments: a case study implementation. Prod Plan Control 20(7):586–595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zakaria NH, Mohamed NMZN, Rahid MFFA, Rose ANM (2017) Lean manufacturing implementation in reducing waste for electronic assembly line. MATEC Web Conf 90:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cocca P, Marciano F, Alberti M, Schiavini D (2018) Leanness measurement methods in manufacturing organizations: a systematic review. Int J Prod Res. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Belhadi A, Sha’ri YB, Touriki FE, Fezazi ElS (2018) Lean production in SMEs: literature review and reflection on future challenges. J Ind Prod Eng 35(6):368–382Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gungor A, Gupta SM (1999) Issues in environmentally conscious manufacturing and product recovery: a survey. Comput Ind Eng 36:811–853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kaebernick H, Kara S, Sun M (2003) Sustainable product development and making for green electrical discharge machining. Robot Comput Integr Manuf 19(6):461–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jayal AD, Badurdeen F, Dillon OW Jr, Jawahir IS (2010) Sustainable manufacturing: modeling and optimization challenges at the product, process and system levels. CIRP J Manuf Sci Technol 2(3):144–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Deif AM (2011) A system model for green manufacturing. J Clean Prod 19:1553–1559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Garbie IH (2014) An analytical technique to model and assess sustainable development index in manufacturing enterprises. Int J Prod Res 52(16):4876–4915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mesa J, Esparragoza Ivan, Maury Heriberto (2018) Relative assessment of indicators in sustainability enhancement (RAISE): a first approach in the manufacturing stage of products. Int J sust Eng. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Adrian V, Viorel M, Morten P, Jens F (2006) Lean and green at a Romanian secondary tissue paper and board mill-putting theory into practice. Resour Conserv Recy 46(1):44–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Colin H, Paul C, Braiden M (2006) A methodology for developing sustainable quantifiable productivity improvement in manufacturing companies. Int J Prod Econ 104(1):143–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bergmiller G, McWright P (2009) Lean manufacturers transcendence to green manufacturing. In: Proceedings of the Industrial Engineering Research Conference. May 30–June 3, Miami, FloridaGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yang MG, Paul Hong, Modi SB (2011) Impact of lean manufacturing and environmental management on business performance: an empirical study of manufacturing firms. Int J Prod Econ 129(2):251–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marhani Mohd Arif, Jaapara Aini, Baria Nor Azmi Ahmad, Zawawi Mardhiah (2013) Sustainability through lean construction approach: a literature review. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 101:90–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Taha Z, Salaam HA, Phoon SY, Tuan Ya TM, Mohamad MR (2015) Application of integrated sustainability assessment: case study of a screw design. Int J Ind Eng 22(1):1–10Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sebastian G, Emanuel M, Hanjo H, Gisela L (2015) Simulation based assessment of lean and green strategies in manufacturing systems. Procedia CIRP 29:86–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hartini S, Udisubakti C (2015) the relationship between lean and sustainable manufacturing on performance: literature review. Procedia Manuf 4:38–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Inman RA, Green KW (2018) Lean and green combine to impact environmental and operational performance. Int J Prod Res 56(14):4802–4818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zaka J, Kruszynski M (2015) Application of AHP and ELECTRE III/IV methods to multiple level, multiple criteria evaluation of urban transportation projects. Trans Res Procedia 10:820–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Keskin C, Asan U, Kayakutlu G (2013) Value stream maps for industrial energy efficiency. In: Cavallaro F (ed) Assessment and simulation tools for sustainable energy systems. Green energy and technology, vol 129. Springer, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Verma N, Sharma V (2016) Enegy value stream mapping a tool to develop green manufacturing. Procedia Eng 149:526–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Roy B (1991) The outranking approach and the foundations of ELECTRE methods. Theory Decis 31(1):49–73MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© German Academic Society for Production Engineering (WGP) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Birla Institute of TechnologyRanchiIndia

Personalised recommendations