Risk factors for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae infection causing septic shock in cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia
Patients with chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia (FN) are vulnerable to extended-spectrum b-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) infection. Early identification of patients suspected to have ESBL-PE infection for empirical carbapenem administration is crucial; nevertheless, risk factors for ESBL-PE causing septic shock remain unclear. We identify factors to predict ESBL-PE in septic shock patients with chemotherapy-induced FN. In this observational, prospectively collected registry-based study, consecutive adult chemotherapy-induced FN patients with septic shock who were admitted to the emergency department between June 2012 and June 2018 were enrolled. Clinical and laboratory data extracted from the septic shock registry were assessed to identify risk factors for ESBL-PE. Of 179 chemotherapy-induced FN septic shock patients, ESBL-PE is isolated in 23 (12.8%). ESBL-PE infection is frequently seen in patients with hepatobiliary cancer (17.4% vs. 4.5%, P = 0.037), leukemia (13.0% vs. 2.6%, P = 0.046), and those with profound neutropenia (defined as absolute neutrophil count < 100) (73.9% vs. 43.6%, P = 0.007) in contrast to those with lung cancer (0% vs. 14.7%, P = 0.048) and other solid cancer (0% vs. 19.2%, P = 0.016). Multivariate logistic regression reveals that profound neutropenia (adjusted OR 3.67; 95% CI 1.372–9.799; P = 0.010) is an independent risk factor for ESBL-PE infection after adjusting age, the presence of solid tumor, and the parameters of sepsis severity scores. ESBL-PE is rare (12.9%) in chemotherapy-induced FN patients with septic shock. Early empirical carbapenem therapy might be considered in chemotherapy-induced FN patients with profound neutropenia.
KeywordsChemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia Septic shock Beta-lactam resistance Enterobacteriaceae infections Multidrug resistance
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose or any funding.
Statement of human and animal rights
The institutional review board of Asan medical center approved the registry (study no.: 2015-1253). All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained before data collection.
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