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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 41:182 | Cite as

Allelopathic interactions of invasive black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) with secondary aliens: the physiological background

  • Peter FerusEmail author
  • Dominika Bošiaková
  • Jana Konôpková
  • Peter Hoťka
  • Géza Kósa
  • Nataliya Melnykova
  • Segiy Kots
Original Article
  • 38 Downloads

Abstract

Despite of numerous benefits, black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is an invasive tree species in Slovakia and Hungary. Recently, secondary local invasions of black locust plantations by black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) and common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis L.) have been observed in these countries. In this study, we describe these unique tree-to-tree interactions directly in the field as well as simulated in the laboratory (1% water extracts from leaves and twigs applied on leaf and soil). In the field, we observed no effect on tree height and trunk diameter as well as leaf metabolic parameters caused by black cherry. However, the laboratory experiment showed a reduction in nodulation, and thus N fixation rate per plant, which did not mirror in the shoot and root dry matter (DM) production. On the other hand, common hackberry significantly affected tree height as well as leaf amino acid and total nitrogen concentration, but not the content of soluble sugars and hydrogen peroxide in the field. The laboratory experiment revealed significant reductions in nodulation, N fixation rate per plant, shoot and root DM and leaf hydrogen peroxide, nevertheless, a noticeable soluble protein accumulation. Thus, we can conclude that common hackberry, but not black cherry, can effectively suppress black locust N metabolism and growth.

Keywords

Invasive plants Secondary invasion Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) Black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) Common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis L.) Allelopathic interactions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology’s project COST action TD1209. Special thanks to Dr. Ján Kukla, Dr. Margita Kuklová (Institute of Forest Ecology SAS) and Dr. Michaela Havrlentová (Research Institute of Plant Production, National Agricultural and Food Centre) for technical support.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mlyňany Arboretum, Institute of Forest EcologySlovak Academy of SciencesSlepčanySlovakia
  2. 2.Department of Botany and Genetics, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of Constantine the PhilosopherNitraSlovakia
  3. 3.National Botanical Garden, Institute of Ecology and Botany, Centre for Ecological ResearchHungarian Academy of SciencesVácrátótHungary
  4. 4.Department of Nitrogen Fixation, Institute of Plant Physiology and GeneticsNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine

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