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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 41:178 | Cite as

Carbon assimilation and sequestration by industrial crop Jerusalem artichoke in coastal saline land

  • Manxia Chen
  • Zhikun Xu
  • Jianjing Zhao
  • Yongwen Chen
  • Sujuan Chen
  • Xiumei Gao
  • Xiaohua LongEmail author
  • Hongbo ShaoEmail author
Short Communication
  • 107 Downloads

Abstract

Understanding the role of Jerusalem artichoke grown in low fertility coastal saline soil in carbon sequestration is important for characterizing the relationship between soil use in agriculture production and carbon sequestration. In the present study, the mechanisms of photosynthesis and carbon distribution were studied in three saline soils with different salt contents (Xinyang 0.6–1.0 g salt/kg; Dafeng 1.5–2.4 g salt/kg; Shuntai 3.8–4.5 g salt/kg) by characterizing the biomass production, carbon storage, and carbon sequestration in the soil under Jerusalem artichoke. The biomass production and carbon storage during the growth cycle of Jerusalem artichoke were significantly higher in Dafeng than the other plots. The highest carbon sequestration was found in the Xinyang plot. The organic matter content in the rhizosphere soil was 28–44% higher than that in the non-rhizosphere soil. The soil organic carbon content in the rhizosphere soil was higher than that in the non-rhizosphere soil. High soil salinities decreased the carbon storage of Jerusalem artichoke. Carbon sequestration in soil decreased with the increase in soil salinity.

Keywords

Jerusalem artichoke Soil organic carbon Carbon reserves Biomass 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support of Jiangsu Agricultural Science and Technology Independent Innovation Fund Project [CX(18)2013], the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFC0501207), the National Key Project of Scientific and Technical Supporting Programs funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Jiangsu Province (BE2018387 and BE2017310-2), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University (KYZ201623, YZ2016-1 and KYYJ201703), and Agricultural Technology Extension Project of Research Institutes in Jiangsu Province (Demonstration and Promotion of High-Valued Ecological Agricultural Techniques in Coastal Areas of Jiangsu Province, No. TG(17)004).

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manxia Chen
    • 1
  • Zhikun Xu
    • 1
  • Jianjing Zhao
    • 1
  • Yongwen Chen
    • 1
  • Sujuan Chen
    • 1
  • Xiumei Gao
    • 1
  • Xiaohua Long
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hongbo Shao
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Resources and Environmental SciencesNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Salt-soil Agricultural Center, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Environment in the Lower Reaches of Yangtze River PlainInstitute of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Jiangsu Academy of Agriculture Sciences (JAAS)NanjingChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Bioresources of Saline Soils, Jiangsu Synthetic Innovation Center for Coastal Bio-agricultureYancheng Teachers UniversityYanchengChina
  4. 4.College of Environment and Safety EngineeringQingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

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