Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 40:164 | Cite as

Recent advancement in modern genomic tools for adaptation of Lablab purpureus L to biotic and abiotic stresses: present mechanisms and future adaptations

  • Krishna Kumar Rai
  • Nagendra RaiEmail author
  • Shashi Pandey Rai


Hyacinth bean is an important traditional plant with substantial medicinal value. Being imperative, it is still less explored crop on genomic and transcriptomic scale that has indexed it as an “orphan” crop for its genome revolution. Among different crop legumes such as pigeon pea, chickpea, cowpea, soybean and common bean, hyacinth bean also serves as a significant source of nutrition for both tropical and temperate regions and execute an imperative function in fixing biological nitrogen in agriculture. Nonetheless, the productivity of hyacinth bean is restrained due to environmental and biotic cues. Thus, understanding of the genomic functions and identification of probable genes/proteins for major agronomic traits through transcriptomic approaches has become imperative to improve stress tolerance in hyacinth bean. For understanding the plant stress tolerance mechanisms, the deployment of functional genomics approaches viz., proteomics and metabolomics have become imperious in breeding programs in developing countries. These approaches have been successfully used in other legume crops to create protein reference maps and their exploitation through comparative approaches can greatly enhance the research and understanding of hyacinth bean biological processes to changing environmental conditions. In this review, emerging epigenomics, proteomics, metabolomics and phenomics approaches and their achievements both in model/crop legumes are discussed. Additionally, the review also provides an overview of the applications of advanced proteomics, metabolomics and next-generation sequencing technologies in the discovery of candidate biomarkers for the development of agronomically refined hyacinth bean which may further ensure food and nutritional security under adverse climacteric conditions in developing countries.


Hyacinth bean Abiotic/biotic stresses Epigenomics Trait mapping Phenomics 



Next-generation sequencing


Quantitative trait loci


Angular leaf spot


Marker-assisted backcrossing


Dolichos yellow mosaic virus


Marker-assisted selection


Yellow mosaic disease


Single nucleotide polymorphisms


Insertion and deletions


Random amplified polymorphic DNA


Sequenced characterized amplified region


Amplified fragment length polymorphisms


Restriction fragment length polymorphisms


Simple sequence repeat


Inter-simple sequence repeat


Common bacterial blight


Abscisic acid


Jasmonic acid


Salicylic acid


Nitric oxide


Glycine betaine




Reactive oxygen species


Hydrogen peroxide


Superoxide radical


Hydroxyl radical


Perhydroxy radical


Singlet oxygen


Photosystem I


Photosystem II




Superoxide dismutase


Ascorbate peroxidase


Guaiacol peroxidase


Glutathione reductase




Dehydro ascorbate reductase


Monodehydro ascorbate reductase




Reduced glutathione


Oxidized glutathione


Molecular biotechnology


Genetic engineering


Nested association mapping


Marker-assisted recurrent selection


Genome-wide selection


Genomic-estimated breeding values


Genotyping by sequencing


Genome-wide association studies


Quantitative trait loci sequencing


Bulked segregant analysis sequencing


Bulked segregant RNA sequencing


Insertion and deletion sequencing


Complementary DNA


Expressed sequence tag


Mass spectrometry


Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis


Two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis


Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry


Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry


Gas chromatography–time of flight mass spectrometry


Epigenomics-assisted breeding


Whole-genome bisulphite sequencing


Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing


Epigenetic inbred lines


Epigenetic quantitative trait loci


Small interfering RNA



The authors are thankful to the Director, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi for providing necessary funds and facilities for conducting the research. The authors are highly grateful to Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Govt. of India, for the financial support (Grant No. BT/PR10067/AGR/02/554/2007). The authors are also thankful to Department of Science and Technology (DST), Promotion of University Research and Scientific Excellence (PURSE), Fund for Improvement of S&T Infrastructure (FIST) program for financial support and central facility of the Department of Botany BHU, Varanasi.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Vegetable ResearchVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Morphogenesis, Department of Botany, Institute of Science, Centre of Advance Study in botanyBanaras Hindu University (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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