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Acta Physiologiae Plantarum

, 40:164 | Cite as

Recent advancement in modern genomic tools for adaptation of Lablab purpureus L to biotic and abiotic stresses: present mechanisms and future adaptations

  • Krishna Kumar Rai
  • Nagendra Rai
  • Shashi Pandey Rai
Review
  • 74 Downloads

Abstract

Hyacinth bean is an important traditional plant with substantial medicinal value. Being imperative, it is still less explored crop on genomic and transcriptomic scale that has indexed it as an “orphan” crop for its genome revolution. Among different crop legumes such as pigeon pea, chickpea, cowpea, soybean and common bean, hyacinth bean also serves as a significant source of nutrition for both tropical and temperate regions and execute an imperative function in fixing biological nitrogen in agriculture. Nonetheless, the productivity of hyacinth bean is restrained due to environmental and biotic cues. Thus, understanding of the genomic functions and identification of probable genes/proteins for major agronomic traits through transcriptomic approaches has become imperative to improve stress tolerance in hyacinth bean. For understanding the plant stress tolerance mechanisms, the deployment of functional genomics approaches viz., proteomics and metabolomics have become imperious in breeding programs in developing countries. These approaches have been successfully used in other legume crops to create protein reference maps and their exploitation through comparative approaches can greatly enhance the research and understanding of hyacinth bean biological processes to changing environmental conditions. In this review, emerging epigenomics, proteomics, metabolomics and phenomics approaches and their achievements both in model/crop legumes are discussed. Additionally, the review also provides an overview of the applications of advanced proteomics, metabolomics and next-generation sequencing technologies in the discovery of candidate biomarkers for the development of agronomically refined hyacinth bean which may further ensure food and nutritional security under adverse climacteric conditions in developing countries.

Keywords

Hyacinth bean Abiotic/biotic stresses Epigenomics Trait mapping Phenomics 

Abbreviations

NGS

Next-generation sequencing

QTLs

Quantitative trait loci

ALS

Angular leaf spot

MABC

Marker-assisted backcrossing

DYMV

Dolichos yellow mosaic virus

MAS

Marker-assisted selection

YMD

Yellow mosaic disease

SNP

Single nucleotide polymorphisms

Indels

Insertion and deletions

RAPD

Random amplified polymorphic DNA

SCAR

Sequenced characterized amplified region

AFLP

Amplified fragment length polymorphisms

RFLP

Restriction fragment length polymorphisms

SSR

Simple sequence repeat

ISSR

Inter-simple sequence repeat

CBB

Common bacterial blight

ABA

Abscisic acid

JA

Jasmonic acid

SA

Salicylic acid

NO

Nitric oxide

GB

Glycine betaine

miRNA

MicroRNA

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

O2·−

Superoxide radical

HO·

Hydroxyl radical

HO2

Perhydroxy radical

1O2

Singlet oxygen

PS I

Photosystem I

PS II

Photosystem II

CAT

Catalase

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

APX

Ascorbate peroxidase

GPX

Guaiacol peroxidase

GR

Glutathione reductase

ASH

Ascorbate

DHAR

Dehydro ascorbate reductase

MDHAR

Monodehydro ascorbate reductase

MDA

Malondialdehyde

GSH

Reduced glutathione

GSSG

Oxidized glutathione

MB

Molecular biotechnology

GE

Genetic engineering

NAM

Nested association mapping

MARS

Marker-assisted recurrent selection

GWS

Genome-wide selection

GEBVs

Genomic-estimated breeding values

GBS

Genotyping by sequencing

GWAS

Genome-wide association studies

QTL-Seq

Quantitative trait loci sequencing

BSA-Seq

Bulked segregant analysis sequencing

BSR-Seq

Bulked segregant RNA sequencing

Indel-Seq

Insertion and deletion sequencing

cDNA

Complementary DNA

EST

Expressed sequence tag

MS

Mass spectrometry

2D-GE

Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

2D-DIGE

Two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis

LC–MS/MS

Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry

GC–MS

Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

GC-TOF-MS

Gas chromatography–time of flight mass spectrometry

EAB

Epigenomics-assisted breeding

WGBS

Whole-genome bisulphite sequencing

ChIp-Seq

Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing

epiRILS

Epigenetic inbred lines

QTLepi

Epigenetic quantitative trait loci

siRNA

Small interfering RNA

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Director, Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi for providing necessary funds and facilities for conducting the research. The authors are highly grateful to Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Govt. of India, for the financial support (Grant No. BT/PR10067/AGR/02/554/2007). The authors are also thankful to Department of Science and Technology (DST), Promotion of University Research and Scientific Excellence (PURSE), Fund for Improvement of S&T Infrastructure (FIST) program for financial support and central facility of the Department of Botany BHU, Varanasi.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Vegetable ResearchVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Morphogenesis, Department of Botany, Institute of Science, Centre of Advance Study in botanyBanaras Hindu University (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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