Advertisement

Behaviors of recycled aggregate concrete-filled steel tubular columns under eccentric loadings

  • Vivian W. Y. Tam
  • Jianzhuang XiaoEmail author
  • Sheng Liu
  • Zixuan Chen
Research Article
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

The paper investigates the behaviors of recycled aggregate concrete-filled steel tubular (RACFST) columns under eccentric loadings with the incorporation of expansive agents. A total of 16 RACFST columns were tested in this study. The main parameters varied in this study are recycled coarse aggregate replacement percentages (0%, 30%, 50%, 70%, and 100%), expansive agent dosages (0%, 8%, and 15%) and an eccentric distance of compressive load from the center of the column (0 and 40 mm). Experimental results showed that the ultimate stresses of RACFST columns decreased with increasing recycled coarse aggregate replacement percentages but appropriate expansive agent dosages can reduce the decrement; the incorporation of expansive agent decreased the ultimate stresses of RACFST columns but an appropriate dosage can increase the deformation ability. The recycled coarse aggregate replacement percentages have limited influence on the ultimate stresses of the RACFST columns and has more effect than that of the normal aggregate concrete-filled steel tubular columns.

Keywords

concrete filled steel tubes recycled aggregate concrete columns expansive agent eccentric load 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51250110074 and 51438007).

References

  1. 1.
    Malhotra V M. Use of recycled aggregate concrete as a new aggregate. Ottawa, Canada, 1976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Buck A D. Recycled aggregate concrete as a source of aggregate. ACI Journal, 1977, 74: 212–219Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sri Ravindrarajah R S, Tam C T. Properties of concrete made with crushed concrete as coarse aggregate. Magazine of Concrete Research, 1985, 37(130): 29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hansen T C. Recycled aggregate and recycled aggregate concrete second state-of-the-art report-development from 1945–1985. Materials and Structures, 1986, 19(3): 201–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kevin A P, David J C, Ravindra K D. Strength and deformation characteristics of concrete containing coarse recycled and manufactured aggregates. In: 11th International Conference on Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies, Bath, UK, 2009Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hao T, Du Z H, Liu L X. Study on complete stress–strain curves of recycled concrete. In: Xiao J Z, Zhang Y, Chu Re P K, eds. Proceeding of 2nd International Conference on Waste Engineering and Management. Shanghai, China, 2010, 506–512Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hansen T C, Boegh E. Elasticity and drying shrinkage of recycled aggregate concrete. ACI Journal Proceedings, 1985, 82: 648–652Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ajdukiewicz A, Kliszczewicz A. Influence of recycled aggregates on mechanical properties of HS/HPC. Cement and Concrete Composites, 2002, 24(2): 269–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Otsuki N, Miyazato S, Yodsudjai W. Influence of recycled aggregate on interfacial transition zone, strength, chloride penetration and carbonation of concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 2003, 15(5): 443–451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Xiao J Z, Li J, Zhang C. Mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete under uniaxial loading. Cement and Concrete Research, 2005, 35(6): 1187–1194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Terrey P J, Bradford M A, Gilbert R I. Creep and shrinkage in concrete filled steel tubes. In: Proceeding of the 6th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, Melbourne, Australia, 1994, 293–298Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nakai H, Kurita A, Ichinose L H. An experimental study on creep of concrete filled steel pipes. In: Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference on Steel–Concrete Composite Structures, Fukuoka, Japan, 1991, 55–60Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ichinose L H, Watanabe E, Nakai H. An experimental study on creep of concrete filled steel pipes. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2001, 57(4): 453–466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Han L H, Yang Y F, Tao Z. Concrete-filled thin-walled steel SHS and RHS beam-columns subjected to cyclic loading. Thin-walled Structures, 2003, 41(9): 801–833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fam A, Qie F S, Rizkalla S. Concrete filled steel tubes subjected to axial compression and lateral cyclic loads. Journal of Structural Engineering, 2004, 130(4): 631–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yang Y F, Han L H. Compressive and flexural behavior of recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubes (RACFST) under short-term loadings. Steel and Composite Structures, 2006, 6(3): 257–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yang Y F, Han L H. Experimental behavior of recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubular columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2006, 62(12): 1310–1324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yang Y F, Han L H, Wu X. Concrete shrinkage and creep in recycled aggregate concrete-filled steel tubes. Advances in Structural Engineering, 2008, 11(4): 383–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yang Y F. Behavior of recycled aggregate concrete-filled steel tubular columns under long-term sustained loads. Advances in Structural Engineering, 2011, 14(2): 189–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yang Y F, Zhu L T. Recycled aggregate concrete filled steel SHS beam-columns subjected to cyclic loading. Steel and Composite Structures, 2009, 9(1): 19–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Yang Y F, Han L H, Zhu L T. Experimental performance of recycled aggregate concrete-filled circular steel tubular columns subjected to cyclic flexural loadings. Advances in Structural Engineering, 2009, 12(2): 183–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xiao J Z, Huang Y, Yang J, Zhang C. Mechanical properties of confined recycled aggregate concrete under axial compression. Construction & Building Materials, 2012, 26(1): 591–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Huang Y, Xiao J Z, Zhang C. Theoretical study on mechanical behavior of steel confined recycled aggregate concrete. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 2012, 76: 100–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chen Z P, Chen X H, Ke X J, Xue J Y. Experimental study on the mechanical behavior of recycled aggregate coarse concrete-filled square steel tube column. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanic Automation and Control Engineering, Wuhan, China, 2010, 1313–1316Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chen Z P, Liu F, Zheng H H, Xue J Y. Research on bearing capacity of recycled aggregate concrete-filled circle steel tube column under axial compression loading. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanic Automation and Control Engineering, Wuhan, China, 2010, 1198–1201Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mohanraj E K, Kandasamy S, Malathy R. Behaviour of steel tubular stub and slender columns filled with concrete using recycled aggregates. Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering, 2011, 53: 31–38Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Maltese C, Pistolesi C, Lolli A, Bravo A, Cerulli T, Salvioni D. Combined effect of expansive and shrinkage reducing admixtures to obtain stable and durable mortars. Cement and Concrete Research, 2005, 35(12): 2244–2251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Meddah M S, Szuki M, Sato R. Combined effect of shrinkage reducing and expansive agents on autogenous deformations of highperformance concrete. In: The 3rd ACF international conference-ACF/VCA, 2008, 339–346Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pistolesi C, Maltese C, Bovassi M. Low shrinking self-compacting concrete for concrete repair. In: Alexander M G, Beushausen H D, Dehn F, Moyo P, eds. Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting II. CRC Press, 2008, 871–876Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Meddah M S, Suzuki M, Sato R. Influence of a combination of expansive and shrinkage-reducing admixture on autogenous deformation and self-stress of silica fume high-performance concrete. Construction & Building Materials, 2011, 25(1): 239–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    José Oliveira M, Ribeiro A B, Branco F G. Combined effect of expansive and shrinkage reducing admixtures to control autogenous shrinkage in self-compacting concrete. Construction & Building Materials, 2014, 52: 267–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Li M, Liu J, Tian Q, Wang Y, Xu W. Efficacy of internal curing combined with expansive agent in mitigating shrinkage deformation of concrete under variable temperature condition. Construction & Building Materials, 2017, 145(8): 354–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    García Calvo J L, Revuelta D, Carbalose P, Gutiérrez J P. Comparison between the performance of expansive SCC and expansive conventional concretes in different expansion and curing conditions. Construction & Building Materials, 2017, 136: 277–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tam V W Y, Kotrayothar D, Xiao J Z. Long-term deformation behavior of recycled aggregate concrete. Construction & Building Materials, 2015, 100: 262–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Souche J C, Devillers P, Salgues M, Garcia Diaz E. Influence of recycled coarse aggregates on permeability of fresh concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 2017, 83: 394–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Geng Y, Wang Y, Chen J. Creep behavior of concrete using recycled coarse aggregates obtained from source concrete with different strengths. Construction & Building Materials, 2016, 128: 199–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivian W. Y. Tam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianzhuang Xiao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sheng Liu
    • 1
  • Zixuan Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structural EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics and Institute for Infrastructure EngineeringUniversity of Western SydneyPenrith, NSWAustralia

Personalised recommendations