Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 38–48 | Cite as

Empirical models and design codes in prediction of modulus of elasticity of concrete

  • Behnam VakhshouriEmail author
  • Shami Nejadi


Modulus of Elasticity (MOE) is a key parameter in reinforced concrete design. It represents the stress-strain relationship in the elastic range and is used in the prediction of concrete structures. Out of range estimation of MOE in the existing codes of practice strongly affect the design and performance of the concrete structures. This study includes: (a) evaluation and comparison of the existing analytical models to estimating the MOE in normal strength concrete, and (b) proposing and verifying a new model. In addition, a wide range of experimental databases and empirical models to estimate the MOE from compressive strength and density of concrete are evaluated to verification of the proposed model. The results show underestimation of MOE of conventional concrete in majority of the existing models. Also, considering the consistency between density and mechanical properties of concrete, the predicted MOE in the models including density effect, are more compatible with the experimental results.


modulus of elasticity normal strength normal weight concrete empirical models design codes compressive strength density 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Built Infrastructure ResearchUniversity of Technology SydneySydneyAustralia

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