Advertisement

Preparation of sulfur-doped graphene fibers and their application in flexible fibriform micro-supercapacitors

  • Bin Cai
  • Changxiang Shao
  • Liangti Qu
  • Yuning MengEmail author
  • Lin JinEmail author
Research Article
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

A novel type of sulfur-doped graphene fibers (S-GFs) were prepared by the hydrothermal strategy, the in situ interfacial polymerization method and the annealing method. Two S-GFs were assembled into an all-solid-state fibriform micro-supercapacitor (micro-SC) that is flexible and has a high specific capacitance (4.55 mF·cm−2) with the current density of 25.47 µA·cm−2. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) curve of this micro-SC kept the rectangular shape well even when the scan rate reached 2 V·s−1. There is a great potential for this type of S-GFs used in flexible wearable electronics.

Keywords

graphene fiber sulfur doping wearable electronics flexible supercapacitor micro-supercapacitor 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thank for the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51602358) to support this work, and also thank for the High Level Personnel Fund of Zhoukou Normal University (ZKNU2014117) and the Education Department of Henan Province Natural Science Research Program (18B150029). L.J. acknowledges the Key Laboratory of Polymeric Composite & Functional Materials of Ministry of Education for funding (PCFM-2017-04).

Supplementary material

11706_2019_455_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.4 mb)
Calculations of electrochemical parameters of the fibriform sulfur-doped micro-SC

References

  1. [1]
    Sun H, You X, Deng J, et al. Novel graphene/carbon nanotube composite fibers for efficient wire-shaped miniature energy devices. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26(18): 2868–2873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Lee S Y, Choi K H, Choi W S, et al. Progress in flexible energy storage and conversion systems, with a focus on cable-type lithium-ion batteries. Energy & Environmental Science, 2013, 6(8): 2414–2423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Cheng H H, Hu C G, Zhao Y, et al. Graphene fiber: a new material platform for unique applications. NPG Asia Materials, 2014, 6(7): e113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Zeng W, Shu L, Li Q, et al. Fiber-based wearable electronics: a review of materials, fabrication, devices, and applications. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26(31): 5310–5336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Cheng H, Liu J, Zhao Y, et al. Graphene fibers with predetermined deformation as moisture-triggered actuators and robots. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2013, 52(40): 10482–10486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Lee E J, Choi S Y, Jeong H, et al. Active control of all-fibre graphene devices with electrical gating. Nature Communications, 2015, 6(1): 6851 (6 pages)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Li Y, Sheng K, Yuan W, et al. A high-performance flexible fibre-shaped electrochemical capacitor based on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide. Chemical Communications, 2013, 49(3): 291–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Shao C, Xu T, Gao J, et al. Flexible and integrated supercapacitor with tunable energy storage. Nanoscale, 2017, 9(34): 12324–12329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Liao M, Sun H, Zhang J, et al. Multicolor, fluorescent super-capacitor fiber. Small, 2017, 14(43): 1702052 (6 pages)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Dong Z, Jiang C, Cheng H, et al. Facile fabrication of light, flexible and multifunctional graphene fibers. Advanced Materials, 2012, 24(14): 1856–1861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Xu Z, Gao C. Graphene chiral liquid crystals and macroscopic assembled fibres. Nature Communications, 2011, 2(1): 571–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Cong H P, Ren X C, Wang P, et al. Wet-spinning assembly of continuous, neat, and macroscopic graphene fibers. Scientific Reports, 2012, 2(1): 613–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Tian Q, Xu Z, Liu Y, et al. Dry spinning approach to continuous graphene fibers with high toughness. Nanoscale, 2017, 9(34): 12335–12342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Ma T, Gao H L, Cong H P, et al. A bioinspired interface design for improving the strength and electrical conductivity of graphene-based fibers. Advanced Materials, 2018, 30(15): 1706435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Xu Z, Gao C. Graphene fiber: a new trend in carbon fibers. Materials Today, 2015, 18(9): 480–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Aboutalebi S H, Jalili R, Esrafilzadeh D, et al. High-performance multifunctional graphene yarns: toward wearable all-carbon energy storage textiles. ACS Nano, 2014, 8(3): 2456–2466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Bae J, Park Y J, Lee M, et al. Single-fiber-based hybridization of energy converters and storage units using graphene as electrodes. Advanced Materials, 2011, 23(30): 3446–3449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Meng Y, Zhao Y, Hu C, et al. All-graphene core—sheath microfibers for all-solid-state, stretchable fibriform supercapacitors and wearable electronic textiles. Advanced Materials, 2013, 25(16): 2326–2331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Zheng B N, Huang T Q, Kou L, et al. Graphene fiber-based asymmetric micro-supercapacitors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2014, 2(25): 9736–9743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Li X, Zang X, Li Z, et al. Large-area flexible core—shell graphene/porous carbon woven fabric films for fiber supercapacitor electrodes. Advanced Functional Materials, 2013, 23(38): 4862–4869Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Wang X, Liu B, Liu R, et al. Fiber-based flexible all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitors for integrated photodetecting system. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2014, 53(7): 1849–1853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Hu Y, Cheng H, Zhao F, et al. All-in-one graphene fiber supercapacitor. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(12): 6448–6451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Ding X T, Zhao Y, Hu C G, et al. Spinning fabrication of graphene/polypyrrole composite fibers for all-solid-state, flexible fibriform supercapacitors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2014, 2(31): 12355–12360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Chen Q, Meng Y N, Hu C G, et al. MnO2-modified hierarchical graphene fiber electrochemical supercapacitor. Journal of Power Sources, 2014, 247: 32–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Li Z, Xu Z, Liu Y, et al. Multifunctional non-woven fabrics of interfused graphene fibres. Nature Communications, 2016, 7(1): 13684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Xu T, Ding X, Liang Y, et al. Direct spinning of fiber supercapacitor. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(24): 12113–12117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Qu G, Cheng J, Li X, et al. A fiber supercapacitor with high energy density based on hollow graphene/conducting polymer fiber electrode. Advanced Materials, 2016, 28(19): 3646–3652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Liang Y, Wang Z, Huang J, et al. Series of in-fiber graphene supercapacitors for flexible wearable devices. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2015, 3(6): 2547–2551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Wang Z P, Cheng J L, Guan Q, et al. All-in-one fiber for stretchable fiber-shaped tandem supercapacitors. Nano Energy, 2018, 45: 210–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Ji H, Wang T, Liu Y, et al. A novel approach for sulfur-doped hierarchically porous carbon with excellent capacitance for electrochemical energy storage. Chemical Communications, 2016, 52(86): 12725–12728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Han J, Zhang L L, Lee S, et al. Generation of B-doped graphene nanoplatelets using a solution process and their supercapacitor applications. ACS Nano, 2013, 7(1): 19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Wang D W, Li F, Chen Z G, et al. Synthesis and electrochemical property of boron-doped mesoporous carbon in supercapacitor. Chemistry of Materials, 2008, 20(22): 7195–7200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Guo H, Gao Q. Boron and nitrogen co-doped porous carbon and its enhanced properties as supercapacitor. Journal of Power Sources, 2009, 186(2): 551–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Kwon T, Nishihara H, Itoi H, et al. Enhancement mechanism of electrochemical capacitance in nitrogen-/boron-doped carbons with uniform straight nanochannels. Langmuir, 2009, 25(19): 11961–11968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Wu G, Tan P F, Wu X J, et al. High-performance wearable micro-supercapacitors based on microfluidic-directed nitrogen-doped graphene fiber electrodes. Advanced Functional Materials, 2017, 27(36): 1702493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Peng Z, Ye R, Mann J A, et al. Flexible boron-doped laser-induced graphene microsupercapacitors. ACS Nano, 2015, 9(6): 5868–5875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Yang Z, Yao Z, Li G, et al. Sulfur-doped graphene as an efficient metal-free cathode catalyst for oxygen reduction. ACS Nano, 2012, 6(1): 205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Fan J J, Fan Y J, Wang R X, et al. A novel strategy for the synthesis of sulfur-doped carbon nanotubes as a highly efficient Pt catalyst support toward the methanol oxidation reaction. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2017, 5(36): 19467–19475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Yang S B, Zhi L J, Tang K, et al. Efficient synthesis of heteroatom (N or S)-doped graphene based on ultrathin graphene oxide-porous silica sheets for oxygen reduction reactions. Advanced Functional Materials, 2012, 22(17): 3634–3640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Yang Z, Yao Z, Li G, et al. Sulfur-doped graphene as an efficient metal-free cathode catalyst for oxygen reduction. ACS Nano, 2012, 6(1): 205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Wu Z S, Parvez K, Winter A, et al. Layer-by-layer assembled heteroatom-doped graphene films with ultrahigh volumetric capacitance and rate capability for micro-supercapacitors. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26(26): 4552–4558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Wang Y. Research progress on anovel conductive polymer-poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT). Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2009, 152: 012023Google Scholar
  43. [43]
    Jin L, Wang T, Feng Z Q, et al. A facile approach for the fabrication of core—shell PEDOT nanofiber mats with superior mechanical properties and niocompatibility. Journal of Materials Chemistry B: Materials for Biology and Medicine, 2013, 1(13): 1818–1825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Meng Y N, Jin L, Cai B, et al. Facile fabrication of flexible core—shell graphene/conducting polymer microfibers for fibriform supercapacitors. RSC Advances, 2017, 7(61): 38187–38192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Cai S Y, Huang T Q, Chen H, et al. Wet-spinning of ternary synergistic coaxial fibers for high performance yarn super-capacitors. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability, 2017, 5(43): 22489–22494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    Liu H, Liu Y, Zhu D. Chemical doping of graphene. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2011, 21(10): 3335–3345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    Sheng Z H, Shao L, Chen J J, et al. Catalyst-free synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene via thermal annealing graphite oxide with melamine and its excellent electrocatalysis. ACS Nano, 2011, 5(6): 4350–4358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. [48]
    Li X, Wang H, Robinson J T, et al. Simultaneous nitrogen doping and reduction of graphene oxide. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2009, 131(43): 15939–15944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. [49]
    Cui Z, Li C M, Jiang S P. PtRu catalysts supported on heteropolyacid and chitosan functionalized carbon nanotubes for methanol oxidation reaction of fuel cells. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2011, 13(36): 16349–16357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. [50]
    Hu D, He X, Sun L, et al. Growth of single-salled carbon nanotubes from Ag15 cluster catalysts. Science Bulletin, 2016, 61(12): 917–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. [51]
    Yu D, Qian Q, Wei L, et al. Emergence of fiber supercapacitors. Chemical Society Reviews, 2015, 44(3): 647–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringZhoukou Normal UniversityZhoukouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Photoelectronic/Electrophotonic Conversion Materials, Key Laboratory of Cluster Science (Ministry of Education), School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.The Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials and ApplicationsZhoukou Normal UniversityZhoukouChina

Personalised recommendations