Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 438–446 | Cite as

Electrospun polypyrrole-coated polycaprolactone nanoyarn nerve guidance conduits for nerve tissue engineering

  • Xin Pan
  • Binbin SunEmail author
  • Xiumei MoEmail author
Research Article


Nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) can provide suitable microenvironment for nerve repair and promote the proliferation and migration of Schwann cells (SCs). Thus, we developed nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) with polypyrrole-coated polycaprolactone nanoyarns (PPy-PCL-NYs) as fillers in this study. PCL-NYs with the oriented structure were prepared with a double-needle electrospinning system and then PPy was coated on PCL-NYs via the in situ chemical polymerization. Subsequently, PCL nanofibers were collected around nanoyarns by the conventional electrospinning process as the outer layer to obtain PPy-PCL-NY nerve guidance conduits (PPy-PCLNY NGCs). PPy-PCL-NYs were analyzed by SEM, FTIR and XPS. Results showed that PPy was homogeneously and uniformly deposited on the surface of PCL-NY. Strain-stress curves and the Young’s modulus of PPy-PCL-NYs were investigated compared with those of non-coated PCL-NYs. Studies on biocompatibility with SCs indicated that PPy-PCL-NY NGCs were more conducive to the proliferation of SCs than PCL-NY NGCs. In summary, PPy-PCL-NY NGCs show the promising potential for nerve tissue engineering repair and regeneration.


electrospinning Schwann cell (SC) polypyrrole (PPy) polycaprolactone nanoyarn (PCL-NY) nerve guidance conduit (NGC) 


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This research was supported by the National Key Research Program of China (2016YFA0201702 of 2016YFA0201700) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31771023 and 81802131).


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Ninth People’s HospitalShanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Sunna Technologies (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.ShanghaiChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and BiotechnologyDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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