Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 361–367 | Cite as

Construction of yolk–shell Fe3O4@C nanocubes for highly stable and efficient lithium-ion storage

  • Ruiping LiuEmail author
  • Chao Zhang
  • Xiaofan Zhang
  • Fei Guo
  • Yue Dong
  • Qi Wang
  • Hanqing Zhao
Research Article


The yolk-shell Fe3O4@C nanocubes were successfully synthesized through carbothermic reduction process from carbon-coated α-Fe2O3 precursor. The results show that the yolk-shell Fe3O4@C nanocubes are uniformly coated with a thin carbon layer, and a clear cavity about 150 nm in width between Fe3O4 core and carbon shell are formed due to the volume shrinkage during the reduction treatment. The obtained yolk-shell Fe3O4@C nanocubes exhibit excellent cycling stability (the discharge capacity is 709.7 mA·h/g after 100 cycles at the current density of 0.1C) and rate performance (1023.4 mA·h/g at 0.1C, 932.5 mA·h/g at 0.2C, 756.1 mA·h/g at 0.5C, 405.6 mA·h/g at 1C, and 332.3 mA·h/g at 2C, and more importantly, when the current density finally backs to 0.1C, a capacity of 776.8 mA·h/g can be restored). The outstanding lithium storage properties may be attributed to the unique yolk-shell structures.


Fe3O4 yolk–shell nanocube anode lithium storage 


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The authors acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51202117), the Natural Science Foundation of Beijing (Grant No. 2162037), the Beijing Nova Program (Z171100001117077), the Beijing Outstanding Talent Program (No. 2015000020124G121), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2014QJ02), the State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe Mining (No. SKLCRSM16KFB04), the Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education (No. 2018AML03), and the Yue Qi Young Scholar Project of China University of Mining & Technology (Beijing) (No. 2017QN17).


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruiping Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chao Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiaofan Zhang
    • 1
  • Fei Guo
    • 1
  • Yue Dong
    • 1
  • Qi Wang
    • 1
  • Hanqing Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringChina University of Mining and Technology (Beijing)BeijingChina

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