Frontiers of Materials Science

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 415–425 | Cite as

Synthesis of sillenite-type Bi36Fe2O57 and elemental bismuth with visible-light photocatalytic activity for water treatment

  • Chuan Deng
  • Xianxian WeiEmail author
  • Ruixiang Liu
  • Yajie Du
  • Lei Pan
  • Xiang Zhong
  • Jianhua Song
Research Article


With Fe(NO3)3·9H2O and Bi(NO3)3·5H2O as raw materials, different sillenite-type compounds and elemental bismuth were prepared by a facile one-pot solvothermal method using H2O, C2H5OH, (CH2OH)2 and C3H8O3 as solvents, respectively. The structure, morphology, elemental compositions and properties of samples were examined by XRD, SEM, TEM, ICP, XPS, N2 adsorption and desorption, UV-vis DRS and PL. The photocatalytic activities of different samples were evaluated by the photodegradation of RhB under visible-light irradiation (λ > 400 nm), and results show that Bi36Fe2O57 prepared using C2H5OH as the solvent owns the optimum performance. In order to explore the reaction mechanism, an additional experiment was designed to investigate the main active species during the photodegradation process via dissolving different trapping agents in the reaction solution before light irradiation. The results show that superoxide radical anions play a major role in this system since the RhB degradation was significantly suppressed after the addition of benzoquinone.


photocatalysis sillenite elemental Bi Bi36Fe2O57 


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This project was supported by the Scientific Research Foundation for Young Scientists of Shanxi Province (201601D021134), the Scientific Research Foundation for Young Scientists of Taiyuan University of Science and Technology (20153008), the Start-up Fund for Doctorate Scientific Research Project of Taiyuan University of Science and Technology (20152017), and the Shanxi Provincial Student’s Platform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program (2016282).


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chuan Deng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xianxian Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ruixiang Liu
    • 2
  • Yajie Du
    • 1
  • Lei Pan
    • 1
  • Xiang Zhong
    • 1
  • Jianhua Song
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Environment and SafetyTaiyuan University of Science and TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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