Journal of Robotic Surgery

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 605–606 | Cite as

Should we use virtual simulators for surgical resident selection?

  • Luca Morelli
  • Gregorio Di FrancoEmail author
  • Andrea Moglia
  • Alfred Cuschieri
Letter to the Editor

To the Editor:

We read with great interest the article by Gardner et al. entitled “How Much Are We Spending on Resident Selection?” [1]. The authors draw attention to the importance of a rigorous selection process to recruit applicants who would be best suited for a surgical career. In their analysis, authors stress the significant time and resources currently spent in the resident selection process, with the average program spending approximately $100,000 annually. Moreover, the authors highlight the burden in man hours and effort spent by Residency Coordinators in the screening and selection process, averaging 132 h. Against this background, Gardner et al. argue that Surgical Program Directors should assess the efficacy and validity of the current selection procedures, especially in view of the increasing evidence, albeit circumstantial, that all is not well and that the current selection process, which has remained largely unchanged for many decades, may no longer be fit for purpose...


Surgery simulation Resident education Surgical training Virtual simulators 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Prof. Luca Morelli, Dr. Gregorio Di Franco, Dr. Andrea Moglia, and Prof. Alfred Cuschieri declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.General Surgery Unit, Department of Oncology, Transplantation and New TechnologiesUniversity of PisaPisaItaly
  2. 2.EndoCAS (Center for Computer Assisted Surgery)University of PisaPisaItaly
  3. 3.Institute for Medical Science and TechnologyUniversity of DundeeDundeeUK

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