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Hierarchical porous carbon/selenium composite derived from hydrothermal treated peanut shell as high-performance lithium ion battery cathode

  • Chen-Hao ZhaoEmail author
  • Bo-Jun Peng
  • Zhi-Biao Hu
Original Paper
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Peanut shell-derived porous carbon has been prepared by the KOH-assisted hydrothermal treatment and subsequent carbonization route. The influences of KOH concentrations on structure of resulting carbon are clearly studied. At a KOH concentration of 5 M, the obtained porous carbon, possessing inner micropores and surface macropores, has a specific surface area of 827.7 m2/g and moderate porous size. The amorphous Se is uniformly encapsulated into its microporous structure to form hierarchical porous carbon/selenium composite. As the cathode material of Li ion battery, this composite delivers an initial discharge capacity of 590.6 mA h/g with Coulombic efficiency of 71.6% at 0.2 C, and a high capacity retention ratio of 83.3% can be reached after 500 cycles at 2 C. Even at a high rate of 4 C, this composite still presents a discharge capacity of 405.8 mA h/g. By comparison, these improved electrochemical performances may be attributed to the hierarchical porous feature, moderate porous size and effective encapsulation of selenium.

Keywords

Hydrothermal assisted KOH solution Hierarchical porous carbon Carbon/Se composite Li–Se battery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the financial supports from the Scientific Start Foundation of LongYan University (LB2014001), and from Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2018J01502).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11696_2019_985_MOESM1_ESM.docx (226 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 226 kb)

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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Materials ScienceLongYan UniversityLongYanChina
  2. 2.Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Clean Energy MaterialsLongYan UniversityLongYanChina

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