Tar content and composition during a low-temperature steam gasification of rice husks

  • Van Minh DuongEmail author
  • Monika Seiber
  • Hermann Hofbauer
Original Paper


The research work extends our recent empirical knowledge on the rice husks, a carbonaceous solid material. This solid biofuel option was characterized with a potential net heating value of 16–17 MJ/kg, significant high ash deformation temperature recorded above 1450 °C, capable and considerable for thermochemical conversion systems. An experimental performance on a dual fluidized bed steam gasifier using rice husks pellets was carried out at a low temperature between 600 and 650 °C and fuel power of 100 kWth. Pure steam was used as a gasification agent in fluidization at a steam to fuel ratio of 1.2 kg/kg on dry basis. Calcite with mainly CaCO3 in composition was used as bed material for the reactor. Tar content and composition in the product gas stream were analyzed with a gas chromatograph coupled with mass spectrometer (GC–MS). Significant high amounts of total GC–MS tar components (without benzene, ethylbenzene, and xylene) and gravimetric tar (higher molecular tar) were detected at 29.44 and 17.82 g/m3 on dry basis. Benzene content was, respectively, presented on a value of 9 g/m3 on dry basis. Obtained products consisted of relevant amount of phenol and heterocyclic aromatic tars (class 2). The specific composition of common and additional analytes presented in GS–MS tar was summarized for better understanding of tar formation and reduction phenomena of rice husk gasification.


Solid biofuel Rice husks Steam gasification GC–MS tar 



This work was carried out under the Programme Erasmus + Key Action 1 in research exchange and staff mobility between member states. An acknowledgement would be given to the European Commission for their excellent contributions. The authors would express their appreciation to the analytical groups at University of Chemistry and Technology Prague and Vienna University of Technology for their excellent technical assistances.


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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Chemistry and Technology PraguePrague 6 DejviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Vienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria

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