Advertisement

Improved hydrodistillation process using amphiphilic compounds for extraction of essential oil from java citronella grass

  • Krishna P. Solanki
  • Meghal A. Desai
  • Jigisha K. ParikhEmail author
Original Paper
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Amphiphilic compounds have the ability to alter the plant morphology which may improve the conventional process for isolating essential oil. In the present study, various hydrotropes, surfactants, ionic liquids, and sodium salt have been assessed in extracting essential oil from Cymbopogon winterianus grass using hydrodistillation. The highest yield (4.18%) of oil was attained using 5% NaCl solution without affecting the quality of oil. This approach has reduced the extraction time, which further reduced the utility consumption, power consumption, and carbon footprints. Moreover, incorporation of sonication has provided 4.08% yield in 15 min, thereby further improving the process.

Keywords

Amphiphilic compounds Carbon footprints Essential oil Hydrodistillation Microwave Ultrasound 

Notes

Supplementary material

11696_2019_861_MOESM1_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 kb) Information pertaining to the power consumption, carbon emission and utility consumption are provided in supplementary information

References

  1. Ahyayauch H, Bennouna M, Alonso A, Goñi FM (2010) Detergent effects on membranes at subsolubilizing concentrations: transmembrane lipid motion, bilayer permeabilization, and vesicle lysis/reassembly are independent phenomena. Langmuir 26:7307–7313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ansari KB, Gaikar VG (2014) Green hydrotropic extraction technology for delignification of sugarcane bagasse by using alkybenzene sulfonates as hydrotropes. Chem Eng Sci 115:157–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ascrizzi R, González-Rivera J, Pomelli CS, Chiappe C, Margari P, Costagli F, Longo I, Tiné MR, Flamini G, Duce C (2017) Ionic liquids, ultra-sounds and microwaves: an effective combination for a sustainable extraction with higher yields. The cumin essential oil case. React Chem Eng 2:577–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baydar H, Baydar NG, Tucker RL (2005) The effects of harvest date, fermentation duration and Tween 20 treatment on essential oil content and composition of industrial oil rose (Rosa damascena Mill.). Ind Crops Prod 21:251–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhatt DR, Maheria KC, Parikh JK (2015) A microwave assisted one pot synthesis of novel ammonium based dicationic ionic liquids. RSC Adv 5:12139–12143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blank AF, Costa AG, Arrigoni-Blank MDF, Cavalcanti SCH, Alves PB, Innecco R, Ehlert PAD, De Sousa IF (2007) Influence of season, harvest time and drying on Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) volatile oil. Braz J Pharmacogn 17:557–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cassel E, Vargas R (2006) Experiments and modeling of the Cymbopogon winterianus essential oil extraction by steam distillation. J Mex Chem Soc 50:126–129Google Scholar
  8. Chemat F, Zill-E-Huma, Khan MK (2011) Applications of ultrasound in food technology: processing, preservation and extraction. Ultrason Sonochem 18:813–835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chemat F, Vian MA, Cravotto G (2012) Green extraction of natural products: concept and principles. Int J Mol Sci 13:8615–8627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chemat F, Fabiano-Tixier AS, Vian MA, Allaf T, Vorobiev E (2015) Solvent-free extraction of food and natural products. TrAC Trends Analyt Chem 71:157–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chemat F, Rombaut N, Meullemiestre A, Turk M, Perino S, Fabiano-Tixier AS, Abert-Vian M (2017a) Review of green food processing techniques. Preservation, transformation, and extraction. Innov Food Sci Emerg Technol 41:357–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chemat F, Rombaut N, Sicaire AG, Meullemiestre A, Fabiano-Tixier AS, Abert-Vian M (2017b) Ultrasound assisted extraction of food and natural products. Mechanisms, techniques, combinations, protocols and applications. a review. Ultrason Sonochem 34:540–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dandekar DV, Gaikar VG (2003) Hydrotropic extraction of curcuminoids from turmeric. Sep Sci Technol 38:1185–1215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dandekar DV, Jayaprakasha GK, Patil BS (2008) Hydrotropic extraction of bioactive limonin from sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) seeds. Food Chem 109:515–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dangles O, Vian MA, Elmaataoui M, Chemat F, Fabiano-Tixier A-S (2011) A remarkable influence of microwave extraction: enhancement of antioxidant activity of extracted onion varieties. Food Chem 127:1472–1480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. De Cuyper M, Joniau M (1991) Mechanistic aspects of the adsorption of phospholipids onto lauric acid stabilized Fe3O4 nanocolloids. Langmuir 7:647–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. de Mello V, Prata MC, da Silva MR, Daemon E, da Silva LS, Guimarães Fdel G, de Mendonça AE, Folly E, Vilela FM, do Amaral LH, Cabral LM, do Amaral Mda P (2014) Acaricidal properties of the formulations based on essential oils from Cymbopogon winterianus and Syzygium aromaticum plants. Parasitol Res 113:4431–4437CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. de Menezes IAC, Moreira IJA, de Paula JWA, Blank AF, Antoniolli AR, Quintans-Júnior LJ, Santos MRV (2010) Cardiovascular effects induced by Cymbopogon winterianus essential oil in rats: involvement of calcium channels and vagal pathway. J Pharm Pharmacol 62:215–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Desai MA, Parikh J (2012) Hydrotropic extraction of citral from Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud.) Wats. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:3750–3757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Desai MA, Parikh J (2015) Extraction of essential oil from leaves of lemongrass using microwave radiation: optimization, comparative, kinetic, and biological studies. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 3:421–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Flamini G, Melai B, Pistelli L, Chiappe C (2015) How to make a green product greener: use of ionic liquids as additives during essential oil hydrodistillation. RSC Adv 5:69894–69898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Golmakani MT, Farahmand M, Ghassemi A, Eskandari MH, Niakousari M (2017) Enrichment of citral isomers in different microwave-assisted extraction of essential oil from fresh and dried lemon verbena (Aloysia citridora) leaves. J Food Process Preserv 41:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gorgani L, Mohammadi M, Najafpour GD, Nikzad M (2017) Piperine—the bioactive compound of black pepper: from isolation to medicinal formulations. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 16:124–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Khadhraoui B, Turk M, Fabiano-Tixier AS, Petitcolas E, Robinet P, Imbert R, Maâtaoui M El, Chemat F (2018) Histo-cytochemistry and scanning electron microscopy for studying spatial and temporal extraction of metabolites induced by ultrasound. Towards chain detexturation mechanism. Ultrason Sonochem 42:482–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lewinsohn E, Dudai N, Tadmor Y, Katzir I, Ravid U, Putievsky E, Joel DM (1998) Histochemical localization of citral accumulation in lemongrass leaves (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf., Poaceae). Ann Bot 81:35–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lichtenberg D, Ahyayauch H, Goñi FM (2013) The mechanism of detergent solubilization of lipid bilayers. Biophys J 105:289–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ma CH, Liu TT, Yang L, Zu YG, Chen X, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Zhao C (2011) Ionic liquid-based microwave-assisted extraction of essential oil and biphenyl cyclooctene lignans from Schisandra chinensis Baill fruits. J Chromatogr A 1218:8573–8580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mehta M, Kumar A (2017) Green and efficient processing of Cinnamomum cassia bark using ionic liquids: extraction of essential oil and construction of UV-resistant composite films from residual biomass. Chem Asian J 12:3150–3155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meullemiestre A, Breil C, Abert-Vian M, Chemat F (2016) Microwave, ultrasound, thermal treatments, and bead milling as intensification techniques for extraction of lipids from oleaginous Yarrowia lipolytica yeast for a biojetfuel application. Bioresour Technol 211:190–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mishra SP, Gaikar VG (2009) Hydrotropic extraction process for recovery of forskolin from coleus forskohlii roots. Ind Eng Chem Res 48:8083–8090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nagarajan J, Heng WW, Galanakis CM, Ramanan RN, Raghunandan ME, Sun J, Ismail A, Beng-Ti T, Prasad KN (2016) Extraction of phytochemicals using hydrotropic solvents. Sep Sci Technol 51:1151–1165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nam PN, Lien PTK, Hoa TT, Huong CM, Thien D (2017) Microwave assisted soxhlet extraction of essential oil from Vietnamese Star anise fruits (Illicium verum Hook.f.) and their chemical composition. Emir J Food Agric 29:131–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Padalkar KV, Gaikar VG (2008) Extraction of piperine from Piper nigrum (black pepper) by aqueous solutions of surfactant and surfactant + hydrotrope mixtures. Sep Sci Technol 43:3097–3118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Raman G, Gaikar VG (2002) Extraction of Piperine from Piper nigrum (Black Pepper) by Hydrotropic Solubilization. Ind Eng Chem Res 41:2966–2976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rodrigues KADF, Dias CN, do Amaral FMM, Moraes DFC, Mouchrek Filho VE, Andrade EHA, Maia JGS (2013) Molluscicidal and larvicidal activities and essential oil composition of Cymbopogon winterianus. Pharm Biol 51:1293–1297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rosen MJ (2004) Surfactants and interfacial phenomena. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New JerseyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Seidi Damyeh M, Niakousari M, Golmakani MT, Saharkhiz MJ (2015) Microwave and ohmic heating impact on the in situ hydrodistillation and selective extraction of Satureja macrosiphonia essential oil. J Food Process Preserv 40:647–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sen P, Devi K, Patar L, Modi M (2017) An insight into structure, function, and expression analysis of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase of Cymbopogon winterianus. Bioinform Biol Insights 11:1–11Google Scholar
  39. Shen Y, Wang L, Liang J, Tang R, Wang M (2016) Effects of two kinds of imidazolium-based ionic liquids on the characteristics of steroid-transformation Arthrobacter simplex. Microb Cell Fact 15:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Silva MR, Ximenes RM, Da Costa JGM, Leal LKAM, De Lopes AA, De Barros Viana GS (2010) Comparative anticonvulsant activities of the essential oils (EOs) from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. in mice. Naunyn Schmiedeberg’s Arch Pharmacol 381:415–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Singh M, Chandrasekhara GD, Rao EVSP (1996) Oil and herb yields of java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt.) in relation to nitrogen and irrigation regimes. J Essent Oil Res 8:531–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Solanki KP (2019) Extraction of valuable chemicals using sustainable route from Cymbopogon winterianus. Synopsis, Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  43. Solanki KP, Desai MA, Parikh JK (2018) Sono hydrodistillation for isolation of citronella oil: a symbiotic effect of sonication and hydrodistillation towards energy efficiency and environment friendliness. Ultrason Sonochem 49:145–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Thakker MR, Parikh JK, Desai MA (2016) Microwave assisted extraction of essential oil from the leaves of palmarosa: multi-response optimization and predictive modelling. Ind Crops Prod 86:311–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. US EPA (2014) Global greenhouse gas emissions data | greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions | US EPA. Accessed 28 Mar 2019Google Scholar
  46. Wany A, Kumar A, Nallapeta S, Jha S, Nigam VK, Pandey DM (2014) Extraction and characterization of essential oil components based on geraniol and citronellol from Java citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt). Plant Growth Regul 73:133–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yang X, Jiang Z-T, Wang Y, Li R (2010) Composition comparison of volatile oils of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt obtained by different extraction methods. J Essent Oil Bear Plants 13:721–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zare A, Abi F, Moosavi-Zare AR, Beyzavi MH, Zolfigol MA (2013) Synthesis, characterization and application of ionic liquid 1,3-disulfonic acid imidazolium hydrogen sulfate as an efficient catalyst for the preparation of hexahydroquinolines. J Mol Liq 178:113–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentSardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of TechnologySuratIndia

Personalised recommendations