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Engine performance and emission of biodiesel fuel prepared from different Ukrainian natural oils

  • Lyubov K. PatrylakEmail author
  • Mykhailo V. Okhrimenko
  • Anton M. Levterov
  • Serhiy V. Konovalov
  • Angela V. Yakovenko
  • Stepan O. Zubenko
Original Paper
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

A range of natural oils such as rapeseed, sunflower, corn, linseed, and mustard ones has been used for fatty acid ethyl esters synthesis. The last as pure biodiesel B100 were mixed with fossil diesel B0 to form blends B20, B40, B60, and B80. This study reports the effects of engine load and biodiesel percentage on the performance and emission of a tractor diesel engine fueled with biodiesel–diesel blends. It is stated that mixed fuels little inferior to mineral diesel in engine performance, but the observed reduction is not critical. The results showed that the engine performance (effective power and torque) depends primarily on the content of acids with C18 carbon chain in the oil. It was also found that the highest performance among the blended fuels is introduced by ethyl esters of rapeseed oil, while corn and mustard oil ethyl esters presented the lowest emissions level. The emissions of rapeseed, sunflower, corn, linseed, and mustard ethyl esters are all lower than the base mineral fuel.

Keywords

Biodiesel Natural oil Fatty acid composition Ethyl esters Engine performance Emission 

List of symbols and abbreviations

B100

100% Biodiesel

B20

20% Biodiesel + 80% mineral diesel

B40

40% Biodiesel + 60% mineral diesel

B60

60% Biodiesel + 40% mineral diesel

B80

80% Biodiesel + 20% mineral diesel

KA

Potassium form of zeolite A

GC

Gas chromatograph

SFC

Specific fuel consumption (kg/kW.hr)

CO

Carbon monoxide

CO2

Carbon dioxide

NOx

Nitrogen oxides

PM

Particulate matter

T

Torque (N.m)

Ne

Engine effective power (kW)

ηe

Engine efficiency

KOH

Potassium hydroxide

HHV

Higher heating value (MJ.kg−1)

LHV

Lower heating value (MJ.kg−1)

Θ

Injection timing angle (°)

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to express their gratitude to R.V. Likhniovsky for assistance in calorimetric analysis of ethyl esters.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lyubov K. Patrylak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mykhailo V. Okhrimenko
    • 1
  • Anton M. Levterov
    • 2
  • Serhiy V. Konovalov
    • 1
  • Angela V. Yakovenko
    • 1
  • Stepan O. Zubenko
    • 1
  1. 1.V.P. Kukhar Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and PetrochemistryNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.A.M Podgorny Institute for Mechanical Engineering ProblemsNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKharkivUkraine

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