Chemical Papers

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 501–508 | Cite as

The liquid polyol extracts of camellia seed dregs used in sunscreen cosmetics

  • Chun-En TsaiEmail author
  • Li-Huei Lin
Original Paper


Polyol solvents were used to extract Camellia oleifera Abel dregs and sunscreen properties of the extracts were examined in the present paper. The effects of extracts obtained with water and ethanol were compared. This study found that polyols were more efficient at extracting flavonoid glycosides, triterpenoid glycosides, and other polyphenols in the C. oleifera Abel dregs, resulting in a more efficient sunscreen. The polyphenols in the extract had peak absorbance at wavelengths of 254, 280, and 329 nm, the triterpenoid glycosides had a peak at 200–240 nm and the flavonoid glycosides showed a broad range of absorption (at 230–400 nm). The extract obtained with polyol solvent had strong absorption at wavelengths of 200–400 nm. The interaction of the polyol extracts with organic UV-absorbers or inorganic sunscreen agents showed synergic effects and the extract can significantly improve the sunscreen effect of organic UV-absorbers or inorganic sunscreen agents. Therefore, this extract can decrease the amount of organic UV-absorbers and inorganic sunscreen agents used and can increase protection against UVA and UVB. It can be used in maintenance and sunscreen products.


C. oleifera Abel dregs Extract Polyol Sunscreen 


  1. Bondet V, Brand-Williams W, Berset C (1997) Kinetics and mechanisms of antioxidant activity using the DPPH free radical method. J Food Sci Technol 30:609–615Google Scholar
  2. Cheng YT, Wu SL, Ho CY, Huang SM, Cheng CL, Yen GC (2014) Beneficial effects of Camellia oil (Camellia oleifera Abel.) on ketoprofen-induced gastrointestinal mucosal damage through upregulation of HO-1 and VEGF. J Agric Food Chem 62:642–650. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Christel QD, Bernard G, Jacques V, Thierry D, Claude B, Michel L, Micheline C, Jean- Claude C, François B, Francis T (2000) Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) hulls and flour. J Ethnopharmacol 72:35–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Diffey BL, Robson J (1989) A new substrate to measure sunscreen protection factors throughout the ultraviolet spectrum. J Soc Cosmet Chem 40:127–133Google Scholar
  5. Feng J, Chen Y, Liu X, Liu S (2015) Efficient improvement of surface activity of tea saponin through Gemini-like modification by straightforward esterification. Food Chem 171:272–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gregoris E, Fabris S, Bertelle M, Grassato L, Stevanato R (2011) Propolis as potential cosmeceutical sunscreen agent for its combined photoprotective and antioxidant properties. Int J Pharm 405:97–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hou WC, Wu WC, Yang CY, Chen HJ, Liu SY, Lin YH (2004) Antioxidant activities of methanolic and hot-water extracts from leaves of three cultivars of Mai–Men–Dong (Liriope spicata L.). Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 45:285–290Google Scholar
  8. Jia Z, Tang M, Wu J (1999) The determination of flavonoid content in mulberry and their scavenging effects on superoxide radicals. Food Chem 64:555–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kockler J, Oelgemoller M, Robertson S, Glass BD (2012) Photostability of sunscreens. J Photochem Photobiol C 13:91–110. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lee CP, Yen GC (2006) Antioxidant activity and bioactive compounds of tea seed (Camellia oleifera Abel.) oil. J Agric Food Chem 54:779–784. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li CC, Lin LH, Lee HT, Tsai JR (2016) Avobenzone encapsulated in modified dextrin for improved UV protection and reduced skin penetration. Chem Pap 70:840–847. Google Scholar
  12. Lin LH, Chou YS (2010) Surface activity and emulsification properties of hydrophobically modified dextrins. Colloids Surf A 364:55–60. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lin LH, Lai YC, Chen KM, Chang HM (2015) Oxyethylene chain length affects the physicochemical properties of sugar-based anionic surfactants with phosphates groups. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Aspects 485:118–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lin LH, Lai YC, Chen KM, Li CS (2016) Preparation and surface activities of modified soy protein–dextrin surfactants. J Surfactants Deterg 19:19–28. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lourith N, Kanlayavattanakul M, Chingunpitak J (2017) Development of sunscreen products containing passion fruit seed extract. Braz J Pharm Sci 53:16116–16124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ma CJ, Huang Q, Wu DH, Zhu DJ, Huang CS, Xiang YP (2008) Study on extraction technologies of tea seed oil by microwave and supercritical CO2. Process Technol Food Sci Inst Food Sci Jishou Univ 29:281–285Google Scholar
  17. Michelle RL, Anna B, Barry AP, Mary H, David H, Ann MH (2007) Identification of green tea (Camellia sinensis L.) and tea oil (Camellia oleifera Abel.) by molecular, biological, and anatomical methods. Authentication Food Wine Chapter 19:290–304. Google Scholar
  18. Shimada K, Fujikawa K, Yahara K, Nakamura T (1992) Antioxidative properties of xanthan on the autoxidation of soybean oil in Cyclodextrin emulsion. J Agric 40:945−948Google Scholar
  19. Sun BX, Qiu H, Deng J, Hu HC (2011) Ceramide-containing tea seed extract and preparation method thereof. Chinese patent, CN102058727AGoogle Scholar
  20. Tan JK, Li GQ, Luo P, Lu HN, Ban CJ, Su GF (2013) Method for comprehensively extracting saponin, polysaccharides and polyphenol from Camellia oleifera Abel defatted cakes. Chinese patent, CN102993329AGoogle Scholar
  21. Tsai C, Lin LH, Wu CS, Kwan CC (2010a) Surface properties of lithospermum-containing multiple phase emulsion systems. J Appl Polym Sci 117:1041–1046. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tsai C, Lin LH, Kwan CC (2010b) Surface properties and morphologies of pheohydrane/liquid crystal moisturizer product. Int J Cosmet Sci 32:258–265. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Uluata S, McClements DJ, Decker EA (2015) Physical stability, autoxidation, and photosensitized oxidation of ω-3 oils in nanoemulsions prepared with natural and synthetic surfactants. J Agric Food Chem 63(42):9333–9340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Xie MX (2013) Study of the composition of the Maoshan grape plant for the ophthalmology as a folk health medicinal. J Health Manag Yuanpei Univ 11:148–155Google Scholar
  25. Xu SZ, Wang SZ, Guo YH, Weng ZZ, Jiang HY (2014) Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds content in Brassica. J Far East Univ 31:159–168Google Scholar
  26. Ye MH (2010) Isolation and identification Potentilla Chinensis active fractions in anti-oxidation and inhibition of lipoxygenase. Master’s degree paper of Yilan University 2010Google Scholar
  27. Yen GC, Chen HY (1995) Antioxidant activity of various tea extracts in relation to their anti-mutagenicity. J Agric Food Chem 43:27–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yin HW, Liv SY, Chen ZF (2010) Identification, extraction and utilization of Camellia oil, tea seed oil and Camellia. J Spec News For Res 17:4–10Google Scholar
  29. Zhu XY, Lin HM, Chen X, Xie J, Wang P (2011) Mechanochemical-assisted extraction and antioxidant activities of kaempferol glycosides from Camellia oleifera Abel. meal. J Agric Food Chem 59:3986–3993. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hair Styling and DesignVanung UniversityChung-Li CityTaiwan, Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Cosmetic ScienceVanung UniversityChung-Li CityTaiwan, Republic of China

Personalised recommendations