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Chemical Papers

, Volume 73, Issue 1, pp 119–129 | Cite as

A novel core-shell polyaniline/graphene oxide/copper nanocomposite for high performance and low-cost supercapacitors

  • Yu Ma
  • Dongyu ZhaoEmail author
  • Yongheng Chen
  • Jing Huang
  • Zhixin Zhang
  • Xiwen Zhang
  • Bin Zhang
Original Paper
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

Herein, a new type of polyaniline/graphene oxide/copper (PANI/GO/Cu) composite with excellent specific capacitance value was synthesized by in situ polymerization. Polyaniline (PANI) is a conductive polymer with high Faradaic pseudocapacitance characteristics. By in situ polymerization with a graphene oxide/copper (GO/Cu) composite, PANI acts as a conductive matrix and provides good adhesion between copper nanoparticles and graphene sheets. It also greatly enhances the conductivity of the composite. In this paper, the process of the preparation of the PANI/GO/Cu composite is described in detail, and the performance and properties of the PANI/GO/Cu composite with different mass fractions of GO/Cu are investigated. The PANI/GO/Cu composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The electrochemical performance of the PANI/GO/Cu composite was analyzed by the conductivity method, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD) measurement. The results show that when the mass fraction of GO/Cu was 10%, the PANI/GO/Cu composite has an enhanced specific capacitance (557.92 F/g) and good cycling stability. The PANI/GO/Cu is a kind of easy-to-prepare, low-cost, corrosion-resistant, environmentally-friendly supercapacitor nanocomposite. The preparation of the ternary composite in this work provides a new insight into the construction of a high-performance supercapacitor.

Keywords

Nanocomposite Supercapacitors Low cost Specific capacitance 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Supplementary material

11696_2018_556_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)

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Copyright information

© Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Materials ScienceHeilongjiang UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Process and Technology for High-efficiency ConversionCollege of Heilongjiang ProvinceHarbinChina
  3. 3.Institute of PetrochemistryHeilongjiang Academy of Sciences, College of Heilongjiang ProvinceHarbinChina

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