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Obesity Surgery

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 3142–3148 | Cite as

Pregnancy After Bariatric Surgery: a Comparative Study of Post-Bariatric Pregnant Women Versus Non-Bariatric Obese Pregnant Women

  • Bruna BalestrinEmail author
  • Almir Antônio Urbanetz
  • Manoela Muller Barbieri
  • Aliane Paes
  • Jessica Fujie
Original Contributions
  • 268 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery on the gestational outcomes.

Materials and Methods

Retrospective study of pregnant women hospitalized for delivery in the maternity in Curitiba, Brazil, who had a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 and/or who had undergone bariatric surgery. Interviews were performed, and the patients’ medical records and antenatal information cards were evaluated.

Results

Ninety-three pregnant women who had bariatric surgery and 205 obese pregnant women were selected. A lower occurrence of hypertensive diseases was observed in pregnant women who had undergone bariatric surgery (14%) compared with obese pregnant women (56.6%). Moreover, a reduced occurrence of diabetes was found in post-bariatric pregnant women (16.1%) compared with obese pregnant women (30.2%). There were no differences in the frequency of prematurity, in delivery methods, or in postpartum complications. There was a higher number of cases of babies who were small for gestational age and a lower number of babies who were large for gestational age in the post-bariatric group. When comparing obese pregnant women to post-bariatric pregnant women who had remained obese, a reduced frequency of hypertensive diseases and diabetes was found in the latter group, but the weight difference between their newborns was not statistically significant.

Conclusion

There was a lower occurrence of health-related issues complicating pregnancy among women who had undergone bariatric surgery, but these women’s newborns were more likely to be small for gestational age, a finding which was less significant the less weight the mother had lost.

Keywords

Pregnancy Bariatric surgery Obesity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Prenatal team of the maternity hospital of the Hospital de Clínicas do Paraná.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Master in Tocoginecology, Departamento De TocoginecologiaFederal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Tocoginecology of the Health Science SectorFederal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Academic of MedicineFederal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  4. 4.Federal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil

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