Urinary Incontinence and Surgery for Obesity and Weight-Related Diseases: Are There Predictors of Improvement?
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The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in urinary incontinence (UI) before and after surgery for obesity in female patients and to identify factors related to the remission of symptoms.
Materials and Methods
This was a prospective cohort study with female patients over 18 years old who underwent surgery for obesity and weight-related diseases between June 2016 and September 2017. Urinary symptoms and quality of life related to UI were assessed based on a structured interview and the results of the validated questionnaires.
Two hundred twenty-one patients were assessed pre-operatively, and 118 (53.3%) reported UI. Eighty-eight patients (74.6%) completed the pre- and postoperative questionnaires. After 6 to 12 months, patients were revaluated, and 50 (56.8%) were considered to be in remission of urinary symptoms. Women who had only a cesarean birth had a 117% increase in the probability of achieving remission of UI compared with women who had both vaginal and cesarean deliveries, and patients with an additional point in the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) score at the beginning had a 4% lower probability of having remission of symptoms.
Improvement in UI may be an important outcome of surgery for obesity and weight-related diseases. In this study, previous cesarean section was only associated with the highest rate of remission of symptoms, and patients with higher scores in the ICIQ-UI-SF had a lower probability of remission.
KeywordsUrinary incontinence Surgery for obesity Quality of life
This work was conducted during a scholarship supported by CAPES (Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education within the Ministry of Education of Brazil.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest..
Statements Regarding Ethics and Consent
An informed consent form was offered to patients who satisfied the study criteria. Ethics and research approvals were obtained from the applicable local committees.
Only women were enrolled in the study to avoid bias related to gender.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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