Dual Ring Wound Protector Reduces Circular Stapler Related Surgical Site Infections in Patients Undergoing Laparoscopic Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass
While there are various techniques to create the gastrojejunostomy during a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), many surgeons prefer using a circular stapler. One drawback of this method, however, is the higher incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs). To investigate the effect of a dual ring wound protector on SSIs during LRYGB.
In April 2016, our bariatric surgical group implemented an intervention whereby a dual ring wound protector in conjunction with a conical EEA stapler introducer was used when creating the gastrojejunostomy. SSIs from pre- and post-intervention were compared using Fisher’s exact test. Only LRYGBs performed with a circular stapler were included in our analysis. Student’s t test and χ2 were used to compare pre- and post-intervention groups with respect to demographics and co-morbidities.
Between April 2015 and January 31st, 2017, our surgeons performed 158 LRYGBs using a circular stapler for the gastrojejunostomy. There were 84 patients (53%) in the pre-intervention group and 74 (47%) in the post-intervention group. The pre- and post-intervention groups were not statistically different. The SSI rate for the pre-intervention group was 9.5% while the SSI rate was 1.35% in the post-intervention group (p = 0.0371). The use of a dual ring wound protector for LRYGBs with circular stapled gastrojejunostomy was associated with an 86% relative risk reduction in SSIs.
Using a dual ring wound protector in conjunction with a conical EEA introducer for LRYGBs with circular stapled gastrojejunostomy significantly decreased SSIs.
KeywordsWound protector Dual ring wound protector Anastomosis Bariatric Circular stapler Gastric bypass Laparoscopic gastric bypass Surgical site infection Wound infection
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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