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Quality of Life One Year After Bariatric Surgery: the Moderator Role of Spirituality

  • M. Graça PereiraEmail author
  • Sara Faria
  • Helena Lopes
Original Contributions

Abstract

Background

This study aimed to assess quality of life in obese patients 1 year after bariatric surgery taking into consideration the influence of socio-demographic, clinical, and psychological variables.

Methods

A sample of 90 patients undergoing bariatric surgery was assessed in two moments: before surgery and 1 year after surgery.

Results

Social support, problem-focused coping strategies, and quality of life increased after surgery, while eating disorder behaviour and impulsiveness decreased. The presence of eating disorder behaviour predicted worse physical and mental quality of life and higher satisfaction with social support predicted better physical and mental quality of life. In addition, higher impulsiveness predicted worse mental quality of life. Spirituality moderated the relationship between impulsiveness and mental/physical quality of life.

Conclusions

Interventions should focus on promoting social support and coping strategies particularly spirituality since it played an important role in quality of life.

Keywords

Obesity Bariatric surgery Spirituality Quality of life 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This study followed a prospective design with two assessment moments. Patients were identified and contacted by the psychologist of the Unit of Psychiatry and Mental Health. Patients were invited by letter and all signed an informed consent. Participation was voluntary. Patients  answered the instruments in a room provided by the hospital for that purpose. The research protocol complied with the ethical principles contained in the Helsinki Declaration and was approved by the Hospital’s Ethics Committee.

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychology, Department of Applied PsychologyUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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