Observational studies based on quality-of-life and endoscopy relate sleeve gastrectomy (SG) to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), while some functional studies have demonstrated a decrease in esophageal exposure to gastric acid after SG. Currently, it is recommended to treat hiatal hernia along with the SG. However, as the sleeve gastrectomy involves the resection of the fundus, it is not possible to add a traditional fundoplication to the closure of the hiatus.
Based on the classic works of Hill et al., and more recent studies by Swänstrom and Aye, our group has incorporated a modified Hill’s gastropexy to the sleeve gastrectomy for patients with pathologic GERD and/or huge hiatal hernia submitted to weight loss surgery.
A 28-year-old male patient, 43 kg/m2 BMI, with a small hiatal hernia and pathologic GERD was scheduled for sleeve gastrectomy. After complete fundus and left crus dissection, the phrenoesophageal membrane was opened and the distal esophagus dissected. The hiatus was closed with interrupted sutures. The sleeve was completed over a 42-French bougie. The preaortic fascia was dissected at the root of the crura and three interrupted sutures placed approximating the gastroesophageal junction to the aforementioned fascia. At 6 months from the operation, weight loss has been satisfactory and the patient does not complaint GERD. Barium swallow demonstrates absence of gastroesophageal reflux, pHmetry and manometry have normalized, and endoscopy shows no esophagitis.
Gastropexy to the preaortic fascia is a possible antireflux technique to combine with SG.
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The present work is funded by a grant of the Fundación Médica Mutua Madrileña (award number: 2010; recipient: Andrés Sánchez-Pernaute, PhD, MD).
The procedure performed was in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments.
Informed consent was obtained for the patient included in the study.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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Sánchez-Pernaute, A., Talavera, P., Pérez-Aguirre, E. et al. Technique of Hill’s Gastropexy Combined with Sleeve Gastrectomy for Patients with Morbid Obesity and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or Hiatal Hernia. OBES SURG 26, 910–912 (2016) doi:10.1007/s11695-016-2076-5
- Sleeve gastrectomy
- Gastroesophageal reflux