Relationship Between Adiponectin and Left Atrium Size in Uncomplicated Obese Patients: Adiponectin, a Link Between Fat and Heart
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It is well known that obesity is a risk factor for severe cardiovascular complications, such as coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, venous thromboembolic disease, and atrial fibrillation. Left ventricle (LV) and left atrium (LA) enlargement is a characteristic feature of these patients with the consequent cardiovascular risk. Factors other than hemodynamic may influence LA remodeling. The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between adiponectin and LA size in uncomplicated obese patients.
Seventy-four asymptomatic obese patients and an age- and sex-matched control group (N = 70) were recruited. A detailed clinical, echocardiographic, and analytical study was performed. Insulin resistance was assessed using the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) method. Insulin sensitivity was assessed measuring serum total adiponectin concentrations.
Adiponectin levels were lower in the obese group (P < 0.001) and particularly so in those obese participants with enlarged LA (32%; P < 0.0005). LA sizes were higher in the obese group (P < 0.0005). Adiponectin displayed significant correlations with body mass index, glucose, insulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations as well as HOMA-IR (P < 0.001 for all). Adiponectin displayed significant correlations with LV mass and LA size, diastolic and systolic cardiac volumes and diameters, and cardiac output (P < 0.001 for all). Adiponectin correlations with LA size (r = −0.429; P < 0.001) persisted after adjustment for HOMA-IR, age, sex, and LV mass.
A novel inverse relationship between adiponectin and LA size independent of age, sex, insulin resistance, and LV mass appears in our series. Adiponectin could be a link between adipose tissue and the heart, having an influence on cardiac remodeling.
KeywordsMorbid obesity Adiponectin Left atrium size
Conflicts of interest
None to be disclosed.
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