Weight Loss After Gastric Banding is Associated with Pouch Pressure and not Pouch Emptying Rate
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Morbid obesity defined as BMI > 40 is a growing problem. It is primarily treated with diet, lifestyle changes, and medicine. However, at present, surgery remains the only effective option for the management.
Seventeen patients were studied 2 months after laparoscopic gastric banding. The aims were to evaluate the association between (1) the extent of pouch filling and satiety, (2) gastric emptying and weight loss, and (3) the pouch pressure during a meal and the sensation of satiety and weight loss.
The preoperative weight was 146 kg (range 108–202 kg). The average weight loss was 21 kg between the banding and the examination. The half time (T50%) for the pouch emptying was 3 min (quartiles 3–12.5) and the time to 90% of pouch emptying (T90%) was 40 min (24.5–60). The sensation of satiety lasted 75 min (57.5–105), and the feeling of hunger started after 90 min (40–90). Neither T50% nor T90% correlated to the weight loss (R = 0.006, P > 0.5 and R = 0.1, P > 0.5). The sensation of satiety did not correlate to T50% or T90% (R = 0.6, P = 0.12 and R = 0.5, P = 0.15). No association was found between the sensory data and the pressure decline. Significant association was found between the load of the meal expressed as the area under the pouch pressure curve and the weight loss (R = 0.786, P = 0.015).
The satiety sensation lasted much longer than the pouch emptying and the pressure increase. The pressure load correlated to the weight loss. This indicates that neuroendocrine mechanisms caused by the accumulated mechanical load are most important for maintaining satiety.
KeywordsGastric banding Satiety Pressure load Pouch emptying
There is no any commercial interest in the subject of study and the source of any financial or material support.
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