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Antioxidant activity of sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) gut hydrolysates-ribose Maillard reaction products derived from organic reagent extraction

  • Yi-Tong Han
  • Chen-Chen Zhao
  • Jia-Run Han
  • Jia-Nan Yan
  • Yi-Nan Du
  • Wen-Hui Shang
  • Hai-Tao WuEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to explore the antioxidant activity of organic extracts from Maillard reaction products (MRPs) of sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) gut hydrolysates (SCGHs). The SCGHs were obtained after treatment with neutrase, and they were then reacted with ribose at a mass ratio of 1:2, pH 8.0, and 95 °C for up to 12 h. The MRPs were extracted by methanol and ethanol. The methanol extracts of the MRPs had a higher UV absorbance, browning intensity, and fluorescence intensity than the crude MRPs. The scavenging capacities of methanol and ethanol extracts from MRPs in both 2′,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) assays increased significantly (p < 0.05). The methanol extracts were better than the ethanol extracts showing the reduced IC50 levels for ABTS and DPPH by 50% and 50%, respectively. The inhibitory activity for peroxidation of linoleic acid of MRPs was also enhanced in the methanol extracts of MRPs, but this was reduced in ethanol extracts. Moreover, HepG2 cell viability after exposure to the methanol extracts of MRPs was increased to 59.30 ± 0.43% compared with the SCGHs and MRPs, which was 3.97 times that of the H2O2-treated group. These results suggest that methanol extraction can improve the antioxidant activity of SCGHs-ribose MRPs and that the corresponding extracts can be potentially used as food antioxidants.

Keywords

Sea cucumber gut Stichopus japonicus Hydrolysates Maillard reaction Methanol extraction Antioxidant ability 

Abbreviations

SCGs

Sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) guts

SCGHs

Sea cucumber guts hydrolysates

ABTS

2′2-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)

DPPH

1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical

MRPs

Maillard reaction products

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

IC50

Half maximal inhibitory concentration

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported financially by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2018YFC03112005), the Innovative Talent Support Program for Colleges and Universities of Liaoning Province (LR2017031) and High-level Personnel of Innovative Support Program of Dalian city (2015R083).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Food Science and TechnologyDalian Polytechnic UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Research Center of SeafoodDalianChina

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