Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 2389–2397 | Cite as

Quality assessment of Indian rice varieties, evaluation of its relationship with their Glycemic index

  • Pooja Dutt
  • Mojeer Hasan
  • Mohammad Shaququzzaman
  • Bibhu Prasad PandaEmail author
Original Paper


The preference for a particular rice quality trait varies regionally, with the shift of choice towards better quality varieties. The qualitative properties namely amylose content, gelatinization temperature, hardness and Glycaemic Index (GI) were studied. Eight rice varieties (Basmati, Non-Basmati, Parboiled) 1121 Mini Sella Mogra (1121 MSM), Mini Sella Mogra (MSM), Noorjahan Basmati (NB), White Sella Dubar (WSD), Golden Sella (GS), Parmal Sella (PSe), Parmal Silky (PSi), Hari Bhari Parmal Sella (HBPS) were selected. Amylose content were highest in WSD (41 ± 0.05%) and PSe (40.99 ± 0.02%). Onset temperature during gelatinization was high in NB (98.28 ± 0.28 °C) and PSe (95.54 ± 0.47 °C). PSe showed the highest positive cycle peak in texture profile analysis (hardness 3900 ± 41 g) while least in PSi (1300.09 ± 0.64 g). GI was lowest of WSD and PSe (GI ~ 41). A positive correlation was found between amylose content, hardness and gelatinization temperature, which inversely related to GI. Principal Composition Analysis (PCA) has generated PC1 (55.68%) and PC2 (26.26%), the two principal components describing total 82.12% of data distribution. The Agglomerative hierarchical clustering divided all the samples into three clusters (C1–C3), based on percentage contribution. PSe was found to be best with high amylose percentage (40.99 ± 0.02%), high onset gelatinization temperature (95.54 ± 0.47 °C), maximum hardness (3900 ± 41 g) and low GI (GI ~ 41).


Rice Glycemic index Amylose Gelatinization Texture profile Principal composition analysis 



The authors wish to thank University Grants Commission, Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, for grant of fellowship and Infrastructural grant under FIST & PURSE scheme.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

Human and animal testing is not applicable in our study.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary file5 (TIFF 606 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pooja Dutt
    • 1
  • Mojeer Hasan
    • 1
  • Mohammad Shaququzzaman
    • 2
  • Bibhu Prasad Panda
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Microbial and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Laboratory, Centre for Advanced Research and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Education and ResearchJamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Education and ResearchJamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia

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