Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 2051–2061 | Cite as

Proanthocyanidins and anthocyanins contents, chromatic and antioxidant properties of red grape pomaces from morocco

  • Mohamed Ben AzizEmail author
  • François Garcia
  • Laetitia Mouls
  • Hélène Fulcrand
  • Hassan Hajjaj
Original Paper


Proanthocyanidins (PAs) and anthocyanins contents of four different red grape pomaces (GPs) from Morocco were analysed using chromatographic methods. The GP skin pigments characteristics were determined using spectroscopic methods while their antioxidant activities were determined using both spectroscopic methods as ABTS and DPPH radical cations, ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) and electrochemical technique: cyclic Voltammetry (CV). The PA of seeds extracts varied significantly among the types of GP and ranged from 56.1 ± 0.3 mg g−1 dry weight (DW) in Cot to 88.4 ± 2.3 mg g−1 DW in non-fermented Cabernet Sauvignon (CSNF). The skins of CSNF contained the highest levels of PAs (22.1 ± 0.3 mg g−1 DW). The PAs average degree of polymerization distribution ranged from 2 to 45 subunits for the skins and from 2 to 12 subunits for the seeds. The maximum anthocyanins amounts and antioxidant activities were measured in Cot skin extracts (32.8 mg g−1 DW, DPPH: 0.23 mmol Trolox mg g−1 DW; ABTS: 0.38 mmol Trolox mg g−1 DW and CV: 1.73 × 10−3mA V) followed by Arinarnoa skin extracts which had the maximum corrected pigments (14.8 ± 0.1) and color power (152.4 ± 4.6 Unit color). The principal components analysis (PCA) of GP skins showed three different groups relevant to anthocyanins, PAs content, color and antioxidant properties.


Grape pomace Proanthocyanidins Thioglycolysis Anthocyanins Antioxidant assays Cyclic voltammetry 



Grape pomace




Fermented Cabernet Sauvignon


Fermented Arinarnoa


Fermented Cot


Non-fermented Cabernet Sauvignon


Average degree of polymerization

% gall

Percentage of galloyalation

% prod

Percentage of prodelphenidin

% oxi

Percentage of oxidation



Thanks are addressed to Frederic Veran for supervising analysis and helpful discussion and to The Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF) and Vlir-IUC program for their assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Ben Aziz
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • François Garcia
    • 2
  • Laetitia Mouls
    • 2
  • Hélène Fulcrand
    • 2
  • Hassan Hajjaj
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Faculty of SciencesCluster of Skills “Agribusness and Food Safety” of the University Moulay IsmailMeknesMorocco
  2. 2.SPO, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, University MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Company Les Celliers de MeknèsMeknesMorocco

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