Mucilage of spineless cactus in the composition of an edible coating for minimally processed yam (Dioscorea spp.)
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The objective of this study was to examine formulations of edible coatings based on spineless-cactus mucilage for the preservation of minimally processed yam. Cladodes of spineless cactus clone IPA-Sertânia were harvested, washed, sanitized, and subjected to mucilage extraction to be used as an edible coating. Yam roots were minimally processed and immersed into the following coating suspensions: cactus mucilage + cassava starch (3%) + glycerol (1%) or cactus mucilage solely. Control corresponded to immersion in water. Samples were dried, packed and stored at 5 ± 2 °C for 10 days. The biocoating containing cactus mucilage reduced dehydration and maintained the visual and sensory quality of the yam slices. Additionally, this hydrocolloid increased the amount of phenolic compounds and led to different responses between polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase. Therefore, the studied formulations containing cactus mucilage show to be promising for the composition of biofilms and application to minimally processed yam roots.
KeywordsNopalea cochenillifera L. Salm-Dyck Dioscorea spp. Edible coating Polyphenol oxidase
The authors gratefully acknowledge the Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE), for funding the research project (APQ-0795-5.01/16) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) Proc. 88881-159183/2017-01.
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