Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 1980–1990 | Cite as

Chemical and bioactive characterization of papaya (Vasconcellea pubescens) under different drying technologies: evaluation of antioxidant and antidiabetic potential

  • Antonio Vega-GálvezEmail author
  • Jacqueline Poblete
  • Issis Quispe-Fuentes
  • Elsa Uribe
  • Cristina Bilbao-Sainz
  • Alexis Pastén
Original Paper


Chilean papaya slices were dried using different technologies to evaluate the effect of the different technologies on drying kinetics, bioactive compounds and biological activities. Five techniques were used: freeze drying (FD), vacuum drying (VD), solar drying (SD), convective drying (CD) and infrared drying (IRD). Fresh and dried samples were evaluated in terms of proximate composition, phenolic profiles, total phenolic and flavonoid contents, β-carotene, vitamin C, and antioxidant and α-glucosidase activities. CD-papaya showed lower processing time, requiring 270 min to reach the dynamic equilibrium condition, while SD-papaya required 870 min. The five drying technologies were found to have variable effects on proximate composition. VD-samples showed the lowest loss of individual phenolic compounds, total phenolic content and vitamin C while IRD- and CD-samples showed lower total flavonoids (42%) and β-carotene (32%) loss after processing, respectively. With respect to biological activities, all samples possessed enzymatic activity in a dose-dependent manner (0–2.0 mg ml−1), being IRD-sample the most effective in inhibiting α-glucosidase (IC50 = 13 mg ml−1). Also, the highest antioxidant capacity measured by DPPH and ORAC was obtained for the papaya samples dried using a vacuum drier.


Vasconcellea pubescens Caricaceae Drying methods Phytochemicals Biological activity 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the Project FONDECYT 1170601 for providing financial support for the publication of this research.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Vega-Gálvez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacqueline Poblete
    • 1
  • Issis Quispe-Fuentes
    • 1
    • 2
  • Elsa Uribe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cristina Bilbao-Sainz
    • 3
  • Alexis Pastén
    • 1
  1. 1.Food Engineering DepartmentUniversidad de La SerenaLa SerenaChile
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigación Multidisciplinar en Ciencia y TecnologíaUniversidad de La SerenaLa SerenaChile
  3. 3.Healthy Processed Foods Research, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of AgricultureAlbanyUSA

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