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Chemical characterisation and antioxidant activity of Aphandra natalia mesocarp and its oil from the Amazon region of Ecuador

  • Derwin Viafara
  • Reinier Abreu-Naranjo
  • José Miguel Alvarez-Suarez
  • Jorge Julio Reyes-Mera
  • Magdalena Barreno-Ayala
Original Paper
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

The Aphandra natalia palm is a species of monotypic genus Aphandra belonging to the Arecaceae family and is native to South America, mainly in the western part of the Amazon basin in Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil. In this study, we determined the physicochemical characteristics of A. natalia fruit mesocarp, as well as its fatty acid composition, the total polyphenol content (TPC), lipophilic antioxidant compounds and total antioxidant capacity. The fatty acids profile was determined using GC–MS analysis and TPC and antioxidant activity by Folin Ciocalteu’s reagent method and by radical scavenging activity (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical [DPPH]), respectively regarding their oil. A high value of 57.92% of total lipids was obtained, thus it can be considered as new source of vegetable oil. The oil extracted from A. natalia mesocarp had a high oleic acid content (71.92%), which is a characteristic closer to the composition of olive oil than traditional palm oil. TPC value (83.57 ± 1.84 mg GAE kg−1 of oil) obtained from A. natalia fruit pulp oil is similar to some olive oil varieties. However, its oil presents smaller antioxidant activity than olive oils usually have.

Keywords

Aphandra natalia Edible oils Fatty acid profile Gas chromatography 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Puyo, Ecuador and Universidad de Las Américas, Quito, Ecuador (Grant no. VET.JMA.17.05, 2017).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ciencias de la VidaUniversidad Estatal Amazónica (UEA)PuyoEcuador
  2. 2.Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Agropecuarias (FICA), Grupo de Investigación en Biotecnología Aplicada a Biomedicina (BIOMED)Universidad de Las AméricasQuitoEcuador
  3. 3.Departamento de Ciencias de la TierraUniversidad Estatal Amazónica (UEA)PuyoEcuador

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