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Basal ganglia lateralization in different types of reward

  • Marie ArsalidouEmail author
  • Sagana Vijayarajah
  • Maksim Sharaev
Original Research

Abstract

Reward processing is a fundamental human activity. The basal ganglia are recognized for their role in reward processes; however, specific roles of the different nuclei (e.g., nucleus accumbens, caudate, putamen and globus pallidus) remain unclear. Using quantitative meta-analyses we assessed whole-brain and basal ganglia specific contributions to money, erotic, and food reward processing. We analyzed data from 190 fMRI studies which reported stereotaxic coordinates of whole-brain, within-group results from healthy adult participants. Results showed concordance in overlapping and distinct cortical and sub-cortical brain regions as a function of reward type. Common to all reward types was concordance in basal ganglia nuclei, with distinct differences in hemispheric dominance and spatial extent in response to the different reward types. Food reward processing favored the right hemisphere; erotic rewards favored the right lateral globus pallidus and left caudate body. Money rewards engaged the basal ganglia bilaterally including its most anterior part, nucleus accumbens. We conclude by proposing a model of common reward processing in the basal ganglia and separate models for money, erotic, and food rewards.

Keywords

Rewards fMRI Meta-analyses Striatum Basal ganglia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge support from the Russian Science Foundation #17-18-01047 to MA. MS was supported by Skolkovo Biomedical Initiative and Russian Foundation for Basic Research according to the research project № 17-29-02518 (mathematical modeling of brain connectivity).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyNational Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussian Federation
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Faculty of HealthYork UniversityTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and ScienceUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Skolkovo Institute of Science and TechnologyMoscowRussian Federation

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