Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 45–56 | Cite as

Seasonal dynamics of foliar δ13C and nutrient concentration of Chinese chastetree and spine jujube in foothill rock outcrop habitat of the southern Taihang Mountains, Central China

  • Chunxia He
  • Jinsong Zhang
  • Ping Meng
  • Jun GaoEmail author
Original Paper


In this study, in situ investigation was conducted on Chinese chastetree (Vitex negundo var. heterophylla) and spine jujube (Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa) during early, developed, and closing succession stages. Monthly data were recorded for foliar δ13C values and foliar N, P, and K concentrations from May to October. Foliar δ13C values declined with time and differences by succession stage varied by species. Older spine jujube displayed higher foliar N concentration while foliar P concentration was inversely related with N. Chinese chastetree had lower foliar K concentration than spine jujube. Foliar C/N ratio declined during the dry season and increased in the wet season. Foliar N/P ratio increased during the dry season and declined to its initial level until October, when it increased again. Foliar δ13C value was positively correlated with foliar N concentration. Foliar P and K concentrations were positively correlated to each other. In conclusion, the two shrubs had contrasting strategies of water use efficiency during their succession, but water use efficiency of both species was promoted by N availability and limited by P availability.


Global climatic change Agroforestry Natural regeneration Deciduous plant Arid land 


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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunxia He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jinsong Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ping Meng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jun Gao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation of State Forestry Administration, Research Institute of ForestryChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern ChinaNanjing Forestry UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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