Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 838–843 | Cite as

Noise and Acoustic Fatigue Analysis in Valves (Case Study of Noise Analysis and Reduction for a 12″ × 10″ Pressure Safety Valve)

  • Karan SotoodehEmail author
Technical Article---Peer-Reviewed


Safety and instrument engineers regularly analyze the noise in different types of valves to reduce its effect in sectors of the oil and gas industry such as offshore, refineries, and petrochemical plants. This paper reviews the mitigation strategies used to reduce acoustic fatigue and the risk of hearing damage from pressure safety valves and control valves used in piping systems. These two types of valves can generate high-frequency acoustical energy downstream of the valves. Different strategies are used to mitigate noise levels, such as installation of low-noise valves, process optimization to reduce the flow or delta pressure across valves, changing the valve design, acoustic piping installation, and increasing piping thickness. This paper discusses a case study of a noise calculation for a 12″ × 10″ pressure safety valve (PSV) at 1 m and 30 meters from the PSV discharge. The calculated noise level based on API 521, the standard for PSVs, has been compared with the maximum allowable noise limit from PSVs. The maximum allowable noise limit is calculated based on the NORSOK L-002 standard developed by Standards Norway. If the calculated noise level based on API 521 exceeds the allowable or acceptable noise limit based on NORSOK standards, the piping wall thickness should be increased to mitigate the risk of acoustic fatigue. The 12″ 6MO piping wall thickness outlet line of PSV is calculated based on the ASME B31.3 process piping code. The outlet pipe from PSV is in 6MO UNS 31254 material, which is expensive. Fortunately, there is no need to increase the piping wall thickness if the calculated noise based on the API 521 standard is within the accepted noise limit in the NORSOK standard.


Noise Acoustic fatigue Pressure safety valves Control valves Mach number 



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Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Piping EngineeringBaker Hughes, a GE CompanyHovik (Oslo Area)Norway

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