Advertisement

Process Optimization of Plane Strain Compression for 06Cr19Ni9NbN Steel Based on Processing Maps

  • 20 Accesses

Abstract

Hot compression tests of 06Cr19Ni9NbN steel were conducted at strain rates of 0.005-5 s−1 and temperatures of 900-1200 °C on a Gleeble 1500 thermo-mechanical simulation tester. Based on the true stress-true strain data, processing maps of the steel were established. The influences of the temperature and strain rate on the processing map were analyzed in detail. The optimal process parameters for hot compression were determined to be in the temperature and strain rate ranges of 1000-1200 °C and 0.005-0.1 s−1, respectively. Plane strain compression experiments were conducted using the recommended process parameters. A temperature of 1200 °C and reduction ratio of 38% are the recommended compression parameters, yielding a grain size of 74 µm. The mechanical properties of the material after compression were obtained by tensile tests at room temperature. The mechanical properties were optimal at 1200 °C and a reduction ratio of 38%. The elongation, area reduction, yield strength, and tensile strength were 63.69%, 76.12%, 281 MPa, and 703 MPa, respectively. The results of the plane strain compression experiments and tensile tests were consistent with the processing map results, indicating that the processing maps were accurate for optimizing the compression process parameters.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 408

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

References

  1. 1.

    Y.V.R.K. Prasad, H.L. GegelS, M. DoraiveluJ, C. MalasJ, T. MorganK, A. LarkD, and R. Barker, Modeling of Dynamic Material Behavior in Hot Deformation: Forging of Ti-6242, Metall. Trans. A, 1984, 15, p 1883–1892

  2. 2.

    C. Jun, X.L. Zhang, K.S. Wang, Q.J. Wang, and W. Wang, Development and Validation of Processing Maps for Ti-6Al-4V Alloy Using Various Flow Instability Criteria, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2016, 25, p 1–7

  3. 3.

    R. Bobbili and V. Madhu, An Investigation into Hot Deformation Characteristics and Processing Maps of High-Strength Armor Steel, J. Mater. Eng. Perform, 2015, 24, p 4728–4735

  4. 4.

    Y.V.R.K. Prasad and K.P. Rao, Processing Maps for Hot Deformation of Rolled AZ31 Magnesium Alloy Plate: Anisotropy of Hot Workability, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2008, 487, p 316–327

  5. 5.

    Y. Bao, D.Y. Yang, N. Liu, G.Q. Zhang, Z. Li, F.Y. Cao, and J.F. Sun, High Temperature Deformation Behavior and Processing Map of Hot Isostatically Pressed Ti-47.5Al-2Cr-2Nb-0.2 W-0.2B Alloy Using Gas Atomization Powders, J. Iron Steel Res. Int., 2017, 24, p 435–441

  6. 6.

    M. Roostaei, M.H. Parsa, R. Mahmudi, and H. Mirzadeh, Hot Compression Behavior of GZ31 Magnesium Alloy, J. Alloys Compd., 2015, 631, p 1–6

  7. 7.

    L. Chen, G.Q. Zhao, and J.Q. Yu, Hot Deformation Behavior and Constitutive Modeling of Homogenized 6026 Aluminum Alloy, Mater. Des., 2015, 74, p 25–35

  8. 8.

    K. Wu, G.Q. Liu, B.F. Hu, Y.W. Zhang, and J.T. Liu, Hot Compressive Deformation Behavior of a New Hot Isostatically Pressed Ni–Cr–Co Based Powder Metallurgy Superalloy, Mater. Des., 2011, 32, p 1872–1879

  9. 9.

    J.G. Wang, D. Liu, Y. Hu, Y.H. Yang, and X.L. Zhu, Effect of Grain Size Distribution on Processing Maps for Isothermal Compression of Inconel 718 Superalloy, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2016, 25, p 1–10

  10. 10.

    R. Neissi, M. Shamanian, and M. Hajihashemi, The Effect of Constant and Pulsed Current Gas Tungsten Arc Welding on Joint Properties of 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel to 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2016, 25, p 2017–2028

  11. 11.

    H.R. Zareie Rajani, H. Torkamani, M. Sharbati, and S. Raygan, Corrosion Resistance Improvement in Gas Tungsten Arc Welded 316 l Stainless Steel Joints Through Controlled Preheat Treatment, Mater. Des., 2012, 34, p 51–57

  12. 12.

    Y.J. Jin, R.F. Li, Z.S. Yu, and Y. Wang, Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Plasma Arc Brazed AISI, 304L Stainless Steel and Galvanized Steel Plates, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2016, 25, p 1327–1335

  13. 13.

    Y.R. Yao, J.S. Liu, X.W. Duan, and Y.X. Jiao, Dynamic Recrystallization Behavior of Single-Phase Austenitic Stainless Steel 06Cr19Ni9NbN, Trans. Mater. Heat Treat., 2015, 36, p 89–93

  14. 14.

    Y.X. Jiao, J.S. Liu, X.H. Zheng, and Y.R. Yao, Influence of Different Deformation and Temperature on Microstructure Evolution for 06Cr19Ni9NbN Stainless Steel, J. Plast. Eng., 2016, 23, p 133–138

  15. 15.

    Y.X. Jiao, J.S. Liu, X.W. Duan, X.H. Zheng, and W.W. He, Prediction of Critical Forging Penetration Efficiency for 06Cr19Ni9NbN Steel by Dynamic Recrystallization, J. Iron Steel Res. Int., 2017, 24, p 649–653

  16. 16.

    Y.X. Jiao, Y. Xu, J.S. Liu, J.D. Li, and X.Z. Zhang, Mathematical Model of Coupled Thermal-Stress During Plane Strain Compression of 06Cr19Ni9NbN Steel, J. Iron Steel Res. Int., 2018, 25, p 1179–1188

  17. 17.

    Z. Peng and Q.X. Ma, Dynamic Recrystallization Behavior and Constitutive Modeling of As-Cast 30Cr2Ni4MoV Steel Based on Flow Curves, Metals Mate. Int., 2017, 23, p 359–368

  18. 18.

    T.D. Kil, J.M. Lee, and Y.H. Moon, Formability Estimation of Ring Rolling Process by Using Deformation Processing Map, J. Mater. Proce. Tech., 2015, 220, p 224–230

  19. 19.

    Y. Cheng, H.Y. Du, Y.G. Wei, L.F. Hou, and B.S. Liu, Metadynamic Recrystallization Behavior and Workability Characteristics of HR3C Austenitic Heat-Resistant Stainless Steel with Processing Map, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 2016, 235, p 134–142

  20. 20.

    Z.W. Cai, F.X. Chen, F.G. Ma, and J.Q. Guo, Dynamic Recrystallization Behavior and Hot Workability of AZ41M Magnesium Alloy During Hot Deformation, J. Alloys Compd., 2016, 670, p 55–63

  21. 21.

    L.F. Nie, L.W. Zhang, Z. Zhu, and W. Xu, Constitutive Modeling of Dynamic Recrystallization Kinetics and Processing Maps of Solution and Aging FGH96 Superalloy, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2013, 22, p 3728–3734

  22. 22.

    J.H. Liang, Z.Z. Zhao, C.H. Zhang, D. Tang, S.F. Yang, and W.N. Liu, Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties Influenced by Austenitizing Temperature in Aluminum-Alloyed TRIP-Aided Steel, J. Iron Steel Res. Int., 2017, 24, p 1115–1124

  23. 23.

    Y.V.R.K. Prasad, Processing Maps: A Status Report, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2003, 12, p 638–645

  24. 24.

    S.C. Chen, C.Y. Huang, Y.T. Wang, and H.W. Wen, Coopetitive Micro-mechanisms Between Recrystallization and Transformation During/After Dynamic Strain-Induced Transformation in Aluminum-Containing Low-Carbon Steel, Mater. Des., 2017, 134, p 434–445

  25. 25.

    X.G. Liu, L.G. Zhang, R.S. Qi, L. Chen, M. Jin, and B.F. Guo, Prediction of Critical Conditions for Dynamic Recrystallization in 316LN Austenitic Steel, J. Iron Steel Res. Int., 2016, 23, p 238–243

  26. 26.

    B. Li, Q.L. Pan, and Z.M. Yin, Characterization of Hot Deformation Behavior of As-Homogenized Al–Cu–Li–Sc–Zr Alloy Using Processing Maps, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2014, 614, p 199–206

Download references

Acknowledgments

The work was financially sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51275330), the Applied Basic Research Project in the Shanxi Province (201601D011002), Shanghai Dianji University, the Shanghai Research Center of Engineering Technology for Large Parts Thermal Manufacturing, the Project of Excellent Graduate Innovation in the Shanxi Province (2018BY102), and the Scientific Research Foundation of Taiyuan University of Science and Technology (20192061).

Author information

Correspondence to Jiansheng Liu.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Jiao, Y., Zhou, C., Liu, J. et al. Process Optimization of Plane Strain Compression for 06Cr19Ni9NbN Steel Based on Processing Maps. J. of Materi Eng and Perform (2020) doi:10.1007/s11665-020-04573-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • hot processing map
  • mechanical property
  • microstructure evolution
  • plane strain compression