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Electrochemical Behavior and Passive Property of 13Cr Martensitic Stainless Steel in Nitric Acid Solution

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Abstract

Intergranular corrosion behavior of a 13Cr martensitic stainless steel (MSS) in tempered condition was studied. Tempering was done in the temperature range of 300-700 °C after austenitization, and microstructure was established using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Electrochemical characterizations to establish localized corrosion susceptibility were performed in 5% HNO3 solution. The MSS tempered at 550 °C showed sensitization and significant localized attack during tests in HNO3. Characterization of surface film on this condition revealed an oxide with a higher defect density (through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy–Mott–Schottky analysis) and Fe content (x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) as compared to that for the austenitized condition. The inability of sensitized MSS tempered at 550 °C to form a protective surface film was attributed to the formation of considerable nano-sized Cr-rich carbide precipitates associated with narrow Cr depletion zones. On the other hand, the MSS tempered at 300 and 700 °C did not show any localized attack in HNO3 and this was attributed to lack of sensitization at 300 °C and de-sensitization at 700 °C.

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Correspondence to Sunil Kumar Bonagani.

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Bonagani, S.K., Kain, V., Bathula, V. et al. Electrochemical Behavior and Passive Property of 13Cr Martensitic Stainless Steel in Nitric Acid Solution. J. of Materi Eng and Perform (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-020-04570-x

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Keywords

  • anodic polarization
  • Cr depletion
  • intergranular corrosion
  • martensitic stainless steel
  • tempering
  • x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy