Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 28, Issue 8, pp 5156–5164 | Cite as

A Study on Peripheral Grain Structure Evolution of an AA7050 Aluminum Alloy with a Laboratory-Scale Extrusion Setup

  • Yiwei SunEmail author
  • Xiaolong Bai
  • Daniel Klenosky
  • Kevin Trumble
  • David Johnson


A laboratory-scale hot extrusion setup was designed to investigate recrystallization and grain growth behavior of an AA7050 alloy during extrusion and subsequent heat treatments. Compared with industrial extrusion, the laboratory-scale process enabled rapid water quenching of extrudate with less delay so that the dynamic grain structure development was captured. After extrusion, static microstructure evolution in the extrudates was studied using salt bath annealing for 5 and 15 s at 490 °C and solutionization treatment for 1 h at 490 °C. The salt bath annealing was a simulation of the delay of press quenching in typical industrial extrusion practices. In the as-quenched extrudates, the peripheral region mainly exhibited continuous dynamic recrystallization and geometric dynamic recrystallization, whereas in the core region discontinuous dynamic recrystallization dominated. A <100> and <111> double fiber texture was identified in extrudates, and recrystallization behavior was found to be orientation dependent. The <100> oriented grains contained more sub-grain boundaries and better-defined sub-grains and had a higher tendency to fragment via continuous recrystallization, while the <111> oriented grains produced less sub-grain boundaries and did not recrystallize. Subsequent heat treatments resulted in static recrystallization and abnormal growth of the continuously recrystallized grains. Additionally, the effects of extrusion temperature (440, 480 and 520 °C) and punch speed (0.7, 1.4 and 2.1 mm/s) on grain structure were discussed. A revised grain structure evolution mechanism based on the observation of 7050 extrusion was proposed.


7050 alloy extrusion grain growth recrystallization 



The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support on this research from Shandong Nanshan Aluminum Co. and Beijing Nanshan Institute of Aeronautical Materials. Materials for the project donated by Arconic Lafayette Operations are also acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yiwei Sun
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Xiaolong Bai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Klenosky
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kevin Trumble
    • 1
    • 2
  • David Johnson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Materials EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.Purdue Center for Metal Casting ResearchPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bourns HallUniversity of California RiversideRiversideUSA

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