Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 1822–1832 | Cite as

Statistical Strength Analysis of Dissimilar AA2024-T6 and AA6061-T6 Friction Stir Welded Joints

  • Reza TaghiabadiEmail author
  • Niloufar Aria


Friction stir welding has been emerged as one of the most reliable processes for joining aerospace-grade aluminum alloys. However, limited studies have been focused so far on the reliability of these joint types. In this study, the effect of welding parameters (traverse and rotation speeds) on the fracture strength of dissimilar AA2024-T6 and AA6061-T6 friction stir welded joints was statistically analyzed by the Weibull approach. Based on the results, the Weibull approach was found to be much more accurate than widely used standard deviation for evaluating the scatter of the fracture strength data. The improper selection of the process parameters not only decreased the average fracture strengths of the joints, but also scattered them around the mean value, and increased the failure probability under the same applied tension. According to the microscopic and macroscopic examinations and microhardness measurements, although the microstructural inhomogeneities caused by the improper setting of the welding parameters negatively affected the joints hardness and fracture strength, the welding defects were likely to be the most responsible factor affecting the fracture strength and its reliability.


AA2024 AA6061 dissimilar friction stir welding reliability Weibull 



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© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and MetallurgyImam Khomeini International UniversityQazvinIran

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