Enhanced Surface Properties and Microstructure Evolution of Cr12MoV Using Ultrasonic Surface Rolling Process Combined with Deep Cryogenic Treatment

  • Shuai RenEmail author
  • Yunfei Zhang
  • Yingli Zhao
  • Zhiguo An
  • Feng Xue
  • Jitan Yao
  • Zhiyan Sun
  • Jinbao Chang


In this study, the enhanced surface properties and microstructure evolution of quenched and tempered cold work die steel Cr12MoV, which were induced by ultrasonic surface rolling process combined with deep cryogenic treatment (UDCT), were systematically investigated. The results indicated that UDCT had an advantage over conventional ultrasonic surface rolling process (USRP) in improving surface mechanical properties, including smaller surface roughness and smoother machined surface with less cracks and defects; higher surface microindentation hardness with the value of ~ 890 HV (increased by ~ 6.2% compared with USRP); and lower friction coefficient. Such enhancements in surface properties are mainly attributed to the martensitic transformation of retained austenite, the dispersion strengthening of small secondary carbides and the homogenized carbides distribution during UDCT.


nano-processing rolling steel ultra-high strength 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuai Ren
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yunfei Zhang
    • 1
  • Yingli Zhao
    • 1
  • Zhiguo An
    • 1
  • Feng Xue
    • 1
  • Jitan Yao
    • 1
  • Zhiyan Sun
    • 1
  • Jinbao Chang
    • 1
  1. 1.HBIS Group Technology Research InstituteShijiazhuangPeople’s Republic of China

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