Effect of Precompression Deformation on the Strain-Controlled Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Extruded AZ31 Magnesium Alloy
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In this work, the effect of precompression along the extrusion direction on the strain-controlled low-cycle fatigue behavior of an extruded AZ31 magnesium alloy was investigated. After precompression deformation occurred, the tensile yield strength decreased, whereas the tensile yield strength and ultimate tensile strength increased gradually as precompression deformation increased. The shape of the stress–strain hysteresis of a specimen with 5% precompression deformation changed from asymmetrical to symmetrical compared with that of the as-extruded specimen. Hence, the whole process was likely dominated by twinning–detwinning behavior. Fractographic analysis revealed that the crack propagation region of the specimen with 5% precompression deformation was flatter than that of the as-extruded specimen because of the compressive mean stress and finer grains in the specimen with 5% precompression deformation. The fatigue lives of the as-extruded and precompression specimens were predicted by the Coffin–Manson model, the Ellyin energy model, the Smith–Watson–Topper model, the Fatemi–Socie model, and the Jiang model, respectively. The life predicted by the Ellyin energy model and the Jiang model was consistent with the experimental data.
KeywordsAZ31 magnesium alloy fatigue life prediction fractographic analysis low-cycle fatigue precompression tensile properties
The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51571150, 11572222) and the Tianjin Municipal Science and Technology Support Project (No. 16YFZCSF00510).
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