Influence of Wear Test Parameters on the Electrical Contact Performance of Brass Alloy/Copper Contactors Under Fretting Wear
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Fretting of mated electronic connectors may be due to extreme increase in contact resistance. We present a detailed analysis of contact resistance by fretting experiments using brass alloys/copper contact pairs. The relationship between wear mechanisms and contact resistance was determined. The influence of fundamental factors such as normal load, displacement amplitude, and current on contact resistance change was also evaluated. It was found out that displacement amplitude, normal load, and current are important parameters for infinite lifetime or stable electrical resistance during fretting condition. Influence of displacement amplitude on the electrical contact performance might be affected by wear debris in the contact area. Electric contact performance could be improved by increasing the power current, which could break down the thick oxide film formed. The predicted working lifetime and reliability requirements of the connector were determined to optimize and extend the service life under the working condition.
Keywordscontact resistance current displacement fretting fundamental factors
This research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Contract numbers (U1534209, 51575459, U1530136, 51627806), supported by Young Scientific Innovation Team of Science and Technology of Sichuan (No. 2017TD0017).
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