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Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 519–525 | Cite as

Feasibility of Using Steel Drums for the Confinement of Burned Low-Level Radioactive Waste Ashes

  • Gustavo S. Duffó
  • Silvia B. FarinaEmail author
  • Fátima M. Schulz
  • Francesca Marotta
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

The selection of suitable materials to construct a facility for the final disposal of radioactive wastes (repository) is a challenge in materials science, since these facilities must be designed to provide confinement to the radionuclides for long periods of time. In the case of the low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) repository, the confinement of the species must be guaranteed for more than 300 years. In this context, the evaluation of the proposed materials must be performed under accelerated laboratory tests. One type of LLRW consists of ashes that result from the incineration of solid combustible radioactive waste. In Argentina, one of the proposed projects is to place these ashes inside steel drums and immobilized them by a cementation process. The issue to be resolved is whether the steel drums will undergo internal corrosion depending on the presence of certain deleterious species. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the corrosion susceptibility of steel drums containing simulated cemented incineration ashes. To this purpose, a special type of specimen was designed and the corrosion process was followed up for almost 4 years. It was found that, although the deleterious effect of chloride is undeniable, corrosion rates are not as high as to compromise the integrity of the steel drums for a design period of 300 years.

Keywords

corrosion incineration ashes radioactive waste steel 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support of the CONICET (Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), the ANPCYT (Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica) and UNSAM (Universidad Nacional de San Martín), Argentina, is acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustavo S. Duffó
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Silvia B. Farina
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Fátima M. Schulz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Francesca Marotta
    • 4
  1. 1.Comisión Nacional de Energía AtómicaSan MartínArgentina
  2. 2.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y TécnicasBuenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.Universidad Nacional de San MartínSan MartínArgentina
  4. 4.Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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