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Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 382–393 | Cite as

Microstructure, Phase Transformation, Mechanical Behavior, Bio-corrosion and Antibacterial Properties of Ti-Nb-xSn (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.5) SMAs

  • Mustafa K. Ibrahim
  • E. Hamzah
  • Safaa N. Saud
Article
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

Porous Ti-Nb-xSn shape memory alloys (SMAs) are fabricated by microwave sintering technology. The microstructures exhibit needle-like morphologies, β(N) (normal straight and crossed needles along with needle-like morphology that resembles spaghetti or irregular lines with α-phases in between) as well as plate-like morphologies [normal straight plate-like morphology, α′′ and dendritic plate-like morphology, β(D)]. Increases in Sn addition significantly induce an increase in the density of the α-phase. XRD patterns exhibited three phases, namely the β-main phase with smaller intensities of α′′ and α. Further, the addition of 0.25% Sn led to more effective improvement in the intensity of the α′′-phase compared with 0.5% and 1.5% Sn addition. Additions of Sn also enhanced the fracture strength and its corresponding strain along with the shape memory effect (SME), where the best enhancement was achieved at 0.25% Sn. The corrosion rate (Ri) was reduced by rising Sn content, while both corrosion resistance and antibacterial zones were increased. The lower elastic modulus, as well as the robust mechanical properties and bioactivity, made these SMAs rather suitable for biomedical application purposes, where the low elastic modulus had value in terms of avoiding the problem of “stress shielding.”

Keywords

antibacterial effect mechanical and corrosion behaviors microstructure microwave sintering porous Ti-Nb-xSn shape memory alloys (SMAs) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia for providing the financial support under the University Research Grant No. Q.J130000.2524.12H60 and research facilities.

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Copyright information

© ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mustafa K. Ibrahim
    • 1
  • E. Hamzah
    • 1
  • Safaa N. Saud
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)Johor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Information Sciences and EngineeringManagement and Science UniversityShah AlamMalaysia

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