Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 123–139 | Cite as

Workability Characteristics and Deformation Mechanisms of Die-Cast AM60 and AZ91 Magnesium Alloys: Correlation with Processing Maps

  • Dharmendra ChalasaniEmail author
  • Mukesh Kumar Jain
  • Sumanth Shankar
  • Fateh Fazeli


Thermo-mechanical deformation behavior of the die-cast AM60 and AZ91 alloys was assessed by performing uniaxial compression tests on Gleeble 3800 simulator under different temperatures and strain rate conditions. Low-temperature deformation behavior of both alloys was accessed at 25, 100, and 150 °C, at the strain rates of 0.1 and 1 s−1. Processing maps at a true strain of 0.5 were generated to study the intrinsic hot workability of AM60 and AZ91 alloys. Optimum processing windows were identified, and the evolution of microstructures and textures was correlated with the imposed deformation conditions. The processing map for the AM60 alloy exhibited three dynamic recrystallization (DRX) domains in the ranges: (1) 320-400 °C and 0.2-1.5 s−1, (1A) 300-325 °C and 0.1-0.2 s−1, and (2) 360-400 °C and 3-5 s−1. In Domain 1, DRX occurred predominantly by pyramidal slip and recovery mechanisms by cross-slip as confirmed by the randomized textures. Deformation in Domain 1A is by the combination of basal and prismatic slip. In Domain 2, dynamic recovery was a softening mechanism controlled by the climb. The processing map for AZ91 alloy exhibited two DRX domains in the ranges: (1) 260-310 °C and 0.1-0.5 s−1 and (2) 325-350 °C and 0.8-3 s−1. The rate-controlling mechanism was climb by lattice self-diffusion in Domain 1 and by grain boundary self-diffusion in Domain 2. Both alloys exhibited flow instability at 200 and 250 °C, and therefore, they were unsuitable for processing at these temperatures.


deformation Mg-Al alloy microstructure processing map thermo-mechanical effects 



The authors express their gratitude to Automotive Partnership Canada (APC) program of Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada. The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Resource for the Innovation of Engineered Materials program at CanmetMATERIALS of Natural Resources Canada. The authors are especially thankful to Mr. Tyler Smith of CanmetMATERIALS for performing uniaxial compression tests using Gleeble thermo-mechanical simulator. The authors are grateful to Fiat Chrysler Automotive (FCA) for technical collaboration and supply of die-cast AM60 and AZ91 samples. The authors also thank Mr. Steve Logan of FCA for the helpful technical discussions. Lastly, authors would like to thank Ms. Vicky Jarvis of McMaster Analytical X-ray Diffraction facility for her assistance with the XRD work.


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Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Natural Resources 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dharmendra Chalasani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mukesh Kumar Jain
    • 2
  • Sumanth Shankar
    • 2
  • Fateh Fazeli
    • 3
  1. 1.University of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.CanmetMATERIALS, Natural Resources CanadaHamiltonCanada

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