Effect of Hot Rolling on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Nitrogen Alloyed Austenitic Stainless Steel
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In the present investigation, the effect of multi-pass hot rolling in the temperature range of 700–1000 °C on the microstructure and mechanical properties of nitrogen alloyed austenitic stainless steel was studied with the aid of optical microscopy, tensile testing and x-ray diffraction measurements. The microstructural changes that occurred in the hot rolled specimens were elongation of grains in rolling direction, nucleation of new grains at the grain boundaries of elongated grains and growth of nucleated grains to form fully recrystallized grains. Elongated grains formed at lower rolling temperature (700–800 °C) due to inadequate strain/temperature for the initiation of dynamic recrystallization. At higher rolling temperature (900–1000 °C), fine grains formed due to dynamic recrystallization. Tensile properties showed strong dependency on the rolling temperature. Tensile strength increased with the decrease in the rolling temperature at the cost of ductility. Maximum strength was observed in samples hot rolled at 700 °C with yield strength of 917 MPa and ductility of 25%. This variation in the tensile properties with the rolling temperature is attributed to changes in the dislocation density and grain structure. The estimated yield strength from the dislocation density, solid solution and grain boundary strengthening closely matched with experimentally determined yield strength confirming the role of dislocation density and grain size in the strengthening.
Keywordshot rolling nitrogen-alloyed austenitic stainless steel strengthening
The authors would like to thank their colleagues at Material Characterization Division (VSSC) for their support in mechanical testing, metallography and XRD measurement of the samples. The authors would also like to thank Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, for his kind permission to publish this work.
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