Journal of Electronic Materials

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 2302–2309 | Cite as

Enhanced Anharmonic Oscillations in Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2(Ca2−yMgy)Cu3−xCdxO10−δ (y = 0, 1; x = 0, 1.5) Superconductors

  • Asad Raza
  • Nawazish A. Khan
  • Najmul HassanEmail author


Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2Ca2Cu3O10−δ (undoped), Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2(CaMg)Cu3O10−δ (Mg-doped), Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2Ca2Cu1.5Cd1.5O10−δ (Cd-doped), and Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2(CaMg)Cu1.5Cd1.5O10−δ (Cd/Mg-codoped) samples were synthesized by two-step solid-state reaction at 860°C to investigate the possible role of anharmonic oscillations of atoms in the mechanism of high critical temperature (Tc) superconductivity. The samples showed orthorhombic crystal structure with smaller and larger unit cell volume for the Mg- and Cd/Mg-codoped samples, respectively, compared with the undoped sample. Tc observed by resistivity measurements decreased in the Cd-doped samples, but the maximum suppression was observed in the Cd/Mg-codoped sample showing semiconductor behavior. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) absorption spectroscopy revealed hardening of apical oxygen modes on the incorporation of Mg atoms as compared with the undoped sample and similarly with the doping of Mg atoms in the Cd-doped sample, confirming the intrinsic inclusion of these elements in the final compound. Excess conductivity analysis revealed suppression in the coherence length (ξc(0)), interlayer coupling (J), phase relaxation time (τφ) of carriers, Fermi velocity (VF) of carriers, Ginzburg–Landau (GL) parameter κ, breaking energy (Ebreak), and magnetic field penetration depth (λp.d) in Cd-doped samples. The values of Bc0(T), Bc1(T), and Jc(0) increased in the Cd-doped samples, showing enhancement of flux-pinning characteristics. It is proposed that Cd doping at CuO2-planar site induces anharmonic oscillation in the solid-state medium, which suppresses the density of phonons and thereby the density of Cooper pairs and hence superconductivity. These studies emphasize the essential role of electron–phonon interactions in the mechanism of high-Tc superconductivity.


CuTl-based superconductors flux pinning anharmonic oscillations electron–phonon interactions excess conductivity 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science Laboratory, Department of PhysicsQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsHazara UniversityMansehraPakistan

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