Impact of Sn4+ Substitution at Cr3+ Sites on Thermoelectric and Electronic Properties of p-Type Delafossite CuCrO2

  • Sakwiboon Jantrasee
  • Chesta RuttanapunEmail author


The effects of Sn4+ substitution at Cr3+ sites on the thermoelectric and electronic properties of p-type delafossite CuCrO2 have been studied. CuCr1−xSnxO2 (x = 0.01, 0.03) samples were prepared via conventional solid-state reaction. The Seebeck coefficient results confirmed that all the samples exhibited p-type conduction. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy verified the presence of Sn4+ ions and the appearance of mixed-state Cr3+/Cr2+ ions. The experimental results revealed that addition of Sn impacted the electrical conductivity due to the mixed Cu1+/Cu2+ states while the Seebeck coefficient was affected by the mixed Cr3+/Sn4+ states. The electrical conductivity was governed by the polaron hopping mechanism, and the large Seebeck coefficient was controlled by the spin and orbital degeneracy of the mixed Cr3+/Sn4+ ions. The electrical conductivity activation energy values were 0.410 eV and 0.407 eV while the thermal activation energy values were 0.208 eV and 0.160 eV, for x = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively. The results confirm that Sn4+ substitution at Cr3+ sites impacted the Seebeck coefficient and electronic behavior of delafossite CuCrO2 oxide even for low dopant levels of x = 0.01 and 0.03, resulting in p-type conduction and optically conducting materials.


Sn4+-doped CuCrO2 mixed valence polaron conduction p-type delafossite 


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This work is supported by King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KREF145906).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Smart Materials Research and Innovation Unit, Faculty of ScienceKing Mongkut’s Institute of Technology LadkrabangBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKing Mongkut’s Institute of Technology LadkrabangBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Thailand Center of Excellence in PhysicsMinistry of Higher Education, Science, Research and InnovationBangkokThailand

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