Impact of Sn4+ Substitution at Cr3+ Sites on Thermoelectric and Electronic Properties of p-Type Delafossite CuCrO2
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The effects of Sn4+ substitution at Cr3+ sites on the thermoelectric and electronic properties of p-type delafossite CuCrO2 have been studied. CuCr1−xSnxO2 (x = 0.01, 0.03) samples were prepared via conventional solid-state reaction. The Seebeck coefficient results confirmed that all the samples exhibited p-type conduction. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy verified the presence of Sn4+ ions and the appearance of mixed-state Cr3+/Cr2+ ions. The experimental results revealed that addition of Sn impacted the electrical conductivity due to the mixed Cu1+/Cu2+ states while the Seebeck coefficient was affected by the mixed Cr3+/Sn4+ states. The electrical conductivity was governed by the polaron hopping mechanism, and the large Seebeck coefficient was controlled by the spin and orbital degeneracy of the mixed Cr3+/Sn4+ ions. The electrical conductivity activation energy values were 0.410 eV and 0.407 eV while the thermal activation energy values were 0.208 eV and 0.160 eV, for x = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively. The results confirm that Sn4+ substitution at Cr3+ sites impacted the Seebeck coefficient and electronic behavior of delafossite CuCrO2 oxide even for low dopant levels of x = 0.01 and 0.03, resulting in p-type conduction and optically conducting materials.
KeywordsSn4+-doped CuCrO2 mixed valence polaron conduction p-type delafossite
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This work is supported by King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KREF145906).
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